Christina S. Meade

Christina S. Meade

Associate Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Yale University 2006

Overview

Dr. Meade’s domestic research program focuses on predictors of HIV risk behavior in adults with substance use and psychiatric disorders, and the relationship between neuropsychiatric conditions and continued risk behavior in HIV-positive adults. She is particularly interested in how drug addiction and HIV infection impact executive functions, such as decision making, that lead individuals to engage in risky behaviors. Many of her current projects incorporate MRI to isolate the effects of addiction and HIV on both brain function and structure. Dr. Meade is also interested in the development of evidence-based treatments to improve cognitive functioning and reduce risk behaviors among drug users.

Given that most people infected or affected by HIV/AIDS live in Sub-Saharan Africa, Dr. Meade’s international research program is based in South Africa. The Western Cape has experienced a dramatic increase in methamphetamine use since the early 2000s, and there is concern that it may further fuel the HIV epidemic in this country. Current projects focus on characterizing drug addiction and HIV risk behaviors in this understudied group, both in in community and treatment settings, and ultimately increasing uptake of HIV services to improve health outcomes and reduce the continued spread of HIV.

Watt, MH, Ranby, KW, Meade, CS, Sikkema, KJ, MacFarlane, JC, Skinner, D, Pieterse, D, and Kalichman, SC. "Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms mediate the relationship between traumatic experiences and drinking behavior among women attending alcohol-serving venues in a South African township." Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs 73.4 (July 2012): 549-558.

Meade, CS, Fitzmaurice, GM, Sanchez, AK, Griffin, ML, McDonald, LJ, and Weiss, RD. "The relationship of manic episodes and drug abuse to sexual risk behavior in patients with co-occurring bipolar and substance use disorders: a 15-month prospective analysis." Aids and Behavior 15.8 (November 2011): 1829-1833. Full Text

Puffer, ES, Meade, CS, Drabkin, AS, Broverman, SA, Ogwang-Odhiambo, RA, and Sikkema, KJ. "Individual- and family-level psychosocial correlates of HIV risk behavior among youth in rural Kenya." AIDS Behav 15.6 (August 2011): 1264-1274. Full Text

Sikkema, KJ, Watt, MH, Meade, CS, Ranby, KW, Kalichman, SC, Skinner, D, and Pieterse, D. "Mental health and HIV sexual risk behavior among patrons of alcohol serving venues in Cape Town, South Africa." Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (1999) 57.3 (July 2011): 230-237. Full Text

Meade, CS, Lowen, SB, MacLean, RR, Key, MD, and Lukas, SE. "fMRI brain activation during a delay discounting task in HIV-positive adults with and without cocaine dependence." Psychiatry Research 192.3 (June 2011): 167-175. Full Text

Meade, CS, Conn, NA, Skalski, LM, and Safren, SA. "Neurocognitive impairment and medication adherence in HIV patients with and without cocaine dependence." Journal of Behavioral Medicine 34.2 (April 2011): 128-138. Full Text

Brooks, A, Meade, CS, Potter, JS, Lokhnygina, Y, Calsyn, DA, and Greenfield, SF. "Gender differences in the rates and correlates of HIV risk behaviors among drug abusers." Substance Use & Misuse 45.14 (December 2010): 2444-2469. Full Text

Meade, CS, Drabkin, AS, Hansen, NB, Wilson, PA, Kochman, A, and Sikkema, KJ. "Reductions in alcohol and cocaine use following a group coping intervention for HIV-positive adults with childhood sexual abuse histories." Addiction 105.11 (November 2010): 1942-1951. Full Text

Meade, CS, Weiss, RD, Fitzmaurice, GM, Poole, SA, Subramaniam, GA, Patkar, AA, Connery, HS, and Woody, GE. "HIV risk behavior in treatment-seeking opioid-dependent youth: results from a NIDA clinical trials network multisite study." Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (1999) 55.1 (September 2010): 65-72. Full Text

Sikkema, KJ, Watt, MH, Drabkin, AS, Meade, CS, Hansen, NB, and Pence, BW. "Mental health treatment to reduce HIV transmission risk behavior: a positive prevention model." Aids and Behavior 14.2 (April 2010): 252-262. Full Text

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