Elizabeth J. Marsh

Elizabeth J. Marsh

Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience and Associate Chair

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Stanford University 1999

  • B.A., Drew University 1994


Why do people sometimes erroneously think that Toronto is the capital of Canada or that raindrops are teardrop-shaped?  How is it that a word or fact can be “just out of reach” and unavailable?  What changes, if anything, when you read a novel or watch a movie that contradicts real life? Have you ever listened to a conversation only to realize that the speaker is telling your story as if it were their own personal memory? Why do some listeners fail to notice when a politician makes a blatantly incorrect statement? These questions may seem disparate on the surface, but they are related problems, and reflect my broad interests in learning and memory, and the processes that make memory accurate in some cases but erroneous in others. This work is strongly rooted in Cognitive Psychology, but also intersects with Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology, and Education.


Memory, learning, knowledge, metacognition, education

Wang, W-C, Brashier, NM, Wing, EA, Marsh, EJ, and Cabeza, R. "Knowledge supports memory retrieval through familiarity, not recollection." Neuropsychologia 113 (May 2018): 14-21. Full Text

Stanley, ML, Yang, BW, and Marsh, EJ. "When the Unlikely Becomes Likely: Qualifying Language Does Not Influence Later Truth Judgments(Accepted)." Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition (January 1, 2018). Full Text

Butler, AC, Black-Maier, AC, Raley, ND, and Marsh, EJ. "Retrieving and applying knowledge to different examples promotes transfer of learning." Journal of experimental psychology. Applied 23.4 (December 2017): 433-446. Full Text

Marsh, EJ, and Yang, BW. "A Call to Think Broadly about Information Literacy." Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition 6.4 (December 2017): 401-404. Full Text

Marsh, EJ. "Family Matters: Measuring Impact Through One's Academic Descendants." Perspectives on Psychological Science : a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science 12.6 (November 2017): 1130-1132. Full Text

Brashier, NM, Umanath, S, Cabeza, R, and Marsh, EJ. "Competing cues: Older adults rely on knowledge in the face of fluency." Psychology and Aging 32.4 (June 2017): 331-337. Full Text

Arnold, KM, Umanath, S, Thio, K, Reilly, WB, McDaniel, MA, and Marsh, EJ. "Understanding the cognitive processes involved in writing to learn." Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied 23.2 (June 2017): 115-127. Full Text

Cantor, AD, and Marsh, EJ. "Expertise effects in the Moses illusion: detecting contradictions with stored knowledge." Memory (Hove, England) 25.2 (February 2017): 220-230. Full Text

Wang, W-C, Brashier, NM, Wing, EA, Marsh, EJ, and Cabeza, R. "On Known Unknowns: Fluency and the Neural Mechanisms of Illusory Truth." Journal of cognitive neuroscience 28.5 (May 2016): 739-746. Full Text

Arnold, KM, Daniel, DB, Jensen, JL, McDaniel, MA, and Marsh, EJ. "Structure Building Predicts Grades in College Psychology and Biology." Applied Cognitive Psychology 30.3 (May 2016): 454-459. Full Text


Marsh, EJ, and Arnold, KM. "Retelling experiences and writing essays how: Storytelling reflects and changes memory." Representations in Mind and World: Essays Inspired by Barbara Tversky. July 20, 2017. 137-155. Full Text

Marsh, EJ, and Mullet, HG. "Stories and movies can mislead." False and Distorted Memories. October 4, 2016. 87-101. Full Text

Marsh, EJ, and Fazio, LK. "Learning from fictional sources." The Foundations of Remembering: Essays in Honor Of Henry L. Roediger, III. January 1, 2011. 395-412. Full Text

Roediger, HL, Agarwal, PK, Kang, SHK, and Marsh, EJ. "Benefits of testing memory: Best practices and boundary conditions." Current Issues in Applied Memory Research. November 24, 2009. 13-49. Full Text

Selected Grants

Aging and Finding Information: Using Google vs. Relying on Other People awarded by Google Inc. (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2025

Effects of Aging on Episodic Memory-Dependent Decision Making awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2018 to 2023

Advancing Artificial Intelligence for the Naval Domain awarded by Office of Naval Research (Co-Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2022

Leveraging Older Adults' Social Goals awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2018 to 2020

Exploring the potential of essay testing for improving memory and learning awarded by Department of Education (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2019

Heuristics for Truth across the Lifespan awarded by American Psychological Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2019

Heuristics for Truth across the Lifespan awarded by American Psychological Association (Principal Investigator). 2017 to 2018

DIP: Collaborative Research: A Personalized Cyberlearning System based on Cognitive Science awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2016

Building a better reader: Activating knowledge through retrieval awarded by Spencer Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2016