Roberto Cabeza

Roberto Cabeza

Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., University of Tsukuba (Japan) 1994


My laboratory investigates the neural correlates of memory and cognition in young and older adults using fMRI. We have three main lines of research: First, we distinguish the neural correlates of various episodic memory processes. For example, we have compared encoding vs. retrieval, item vs. source memory, recall vs. recognition, true vs. false memory, and emotional vs. nonemotional memory. We are particularly interested in the contribution of prefrontal cortex (PFC) and medial temporal lobe (MTL) subregions and their interactions.Second, we investigate similarities and differences between the neural correlates of episodic memory and other memory and cognitive functions (working, semantic, implicit, and procedural memory; attention; perception, etc.). The main goal of this cross-functional approach is to understand the contributions of brain regions shared by different cognitive functions. Finally, in both episodic memory and cross-function studies, we also examine the effects of healthy and pathological aging. Regarding episodic memory, we have linked processes differentially affected by aging (e.g., item vs. source memory, recall vs. recognition) to the effects of aging on specific PFC and MTL subregions. Regarding cross-function comparisons, we identify age-related changes in activity that are common to various functions. For example, we have found an age-related increase in bilaterality that occurs for many functions (memory, attention, language, perception, and motor) and is associated with functional compensation.


Episodic memory, semantic memory, visual memory, attention effects on memory, healthy aging, Alzheimer's Disease, fMRI, TMS, cognitive neuroscience

Wing, EA, Iyengar, V, Hess, TM, LaBar, KS, Huettel, SA, and Cabeza, R. "Neural mechanisms underlying subsequent memory for personal beliefs:An fMRI study." Cognitive, affective & behavioral neuroscience (February 9, 2018). Full Text

Monge, ZA, Wing, EA, Stokes, J, and Cabeza, R. "Search and recovery of autobiographical and laboratory memories: Shared and distinct neural components." Neuropsychologia 110 (February 2018): 44-54. Full Text

Browndyke, JN, Berger, M, Smith, PJ, Harshbarger, TB, Monge, ZA, Panchal, V, Bisanar, TL, Glower, DD, Alexander, JH, Cabeza, R, Welsh-Bohmer, K, Newman, MF, Mathew, JP, and Duke Neurologic Outcomes Research Group (NORG), . "Task-related changes in degree centrality and local coherence of the posterior cingulate cortex after major cardiac surgery in older adults." Human brain mapping 39.2 (February 2018): 985-1003. Full Text Open Access Copy

Davis, SW, Luber, B, Murphy, DLK, Lisanby, SH, and Cabeza, R. "Frequency-specific neuromodulation of local and distant connectivity in aging and episodic memory function." Human brain mapping 38.12 (December 2017): 5987-6004. Full Text

Brashier, NM, Umanath, S, Cabeza, R, and Marsh, EJ. "Competing cues: Older adults rely on knowledge in the face of fluency." Psychology and aging 32.4 (June 2017): 331-337. Full Text

Geib, BR, Stanley, ML, Dennis, NA, Woldorff, MG, and Cabeza, R. "From hippocampus to whole-brain: The role of integrative processing in episodic memory retrieval." Human brain mapping 38.4 (April 2017): 2242-2259. Full Text

Davis, SW, Stanley, ML, Moscovitch, M, and Cabeza, R. "Resting-state networks do not determine cognitive function networks: a commentary on Campbell and Schacter (2016)." Language, cognition and neuroscience 32.6 (January 2017): 669-673. Full Text Open Access Copy

Geib, BR, Stanley, ML, Wing, EA, Laurienti, PJ, and Cabeza, R. "Hippocampal Contributions to the Large-Scale Episodic Memory Network Predict Vivid Visual Memories." Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991) 27.1 (January 2017): 680-693. Full Text

Wang, W-C, Brashier, NM, Wing, EA, Marsh, EJ, and Cabeza, R. "On Known Unknowns: Fluency and the Neural Mechanisms of Illusory Truth." Journal of cognitive neuroscience 28.5 (May 2016): 739-746. Full Text

Pais-Vieira, C, Wing, EA, and Cabeza, R. "The influence of self-awareness on emotional memory formation: an fMRI study." Social cognitive and affective neuroscience 11.4 (April 2016): 580-592. Full Text


Jacques, PL, and Cabeza, R. "Neural Basis of Autobiographical Memory." Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience. May 24, 2012. Full Text

Cabeza, R. "Prefrontal and medial temporal lobe contributions to relational memory in young and older adults." Handbook of Binding and Memory: Perspectives from Cognitive Neuroscience. March 22, 2012. Full Text

Daselaar, S, and Cabeza, R. "Age-related changes in hemispheric organization." Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging. May 1, 2009. Full Text

Cabeza, R, Nyberg, L, and Park, DC. "Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Emergence of a New Discipline." Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging. May 1, 2009. Full Text

Dolcos, F, LaBar, KS, and Cabeza, R. "The Memory Enhancing Effect of Emotion: Functional Neuroimaging Evidence." Memory and Emotion: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. January 11, 2008. 105-134. Full Text

Cabeza, R, Purves, D, Huettel, SA, LaBar, KS, Platt, ML, and Woldorff, MG. Principles of Cognitive Neuroscience. Sinauer Associates Incorporated, 2012.

Cabeza, R, and Kingstone, A. Handbook of Functional Neuroimaging of Congnition. 2006.

Selected Grants

Neuro-inflammation in Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction: CSF and fMRI Studies awarded by National Institutes of Health (Advisor). 2017 to 2022

Impact of Timing, Targeting, and Brain State on rTMS of Human and Non-Human Primates awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2017 to 2021

Behavioral and Physiology in Aging awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 2015 to 2020

Using fMRI-guided TMS to increase central executive function in older adults awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co-Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2020

Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Memory Reactivation awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co-Sponsor). 2018 to 2019

Effects of Aging on Visual Memory: Neuroimaging Studies awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2001 to 2018

Neuroimaging of Visual Attention in Aging awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2011 to 2017

Aging Changes to Perceptual and Conceptual Encoding in Perirhinal Cortex awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2017

A Compute Cluster for Brain Imaging and Analysis awarded by National Institutes of Health (Major User). 2016 to 2017

Training in Fundamental &Translational Neuroscience awarded by National Institutes of Health (Training Faculty). 2005 to 2016