Timothy J. Strauman
Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience
Education & Training
Ph.D., New York University 1987
M.A., University of Chicago 1979
B.A., Duquesne University 1978
Professor Strauman's research focuses on the psychological and neurobiological processes that enable self-regulation, conceptualized in terms of a cognitive/motivational perspective, as well as the relation between self-regulation and affect. Particular areas of emphasis include: (1) conceptualizing self-regulation in terms of brain/behavior motivational systems; (2) the role of self-regulatory cognitive processes in vulnerability to depression and other disorders; (3) the impact of treatments for depression, such as psychotherapy and medication, on self-regulatory function and dysfunction in depression; (4) how normative and non-normative socialization patterns influence the development of self-regulatory systems; (5) the contributory roles of self-regulation, affect, and psychopathology in determining immunologically-mediated susceptibility to illness; (6) development of novel multi-component treatments for depression targeting self-regulatory dysfunction; (7) utilization of brain imaging techniques to test hypotheses concerning self-regulation, including the nature and function of hypothetical regulatory systems and characterizing the breakdowns in self-regulation that lead to and accompany depression.
Self-regulation, depression, translational research
Strauman, TJ. "Self-Guides and Emotionally Significant Childhood Memories: A Study of Retrieval Efficiency and Incidental Negative Emotional Content." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 59.5 (1990): 869-880.
Strauman, TJ. "Self-discrepancies in clinical depression and social phobia: cognitive structures that underlie emotional disorders?." J Abnorm Psychol 98.1 (February 1989): 14-22.
Ciobanu, N, Runowicz, CD, Wiernik, PH, Strauman, T, Sheridan, C, and Jr, RCB. "CA 125 levels in patients with ovarian carcinoma undergoing autologous bone marrow transplantation." American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 160.2 (1989): 354-355.
Strauman, TJ, and Higgins, ET. "Self-discrepancies as predictors of vulnerability to distinct syndromes of chronic emotional distress." J Pers 56.4 (December 1988): 685-707.
Kahn, R, Wetzler, S, Praag, HMV, Asnis, GM, and Strauman, T. "Behavioral indications for serotonin receptor hypersensitivity in panic disorder." Psychiatry Research 25.1 (1988): 101-104.
Strauman, TJ, and Higgins, ET. "Automatic activation of self-discrepancies and emotional syndromes: when cognitive structures influence affect." J Pers Soc Psychol 53.6 (December 1987): 1004-1014.
Higgins, ET, Bond, RN, Klein, R, and Strauman, T. "Self-Discrepancies and Emotional Vulnerability. How Magnitude, Accessibility, and Type of Discrepancy Influence Affect." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 51.1 (1986): 5-15. Full Text
Higgins, ET, Klein, R, and Strauman, TJ. "Self-concept discrepancy theory: A psychological model for distinguishing among different aspects of depression and anxiety." Social Cognition 3.1 (1985): 51-76. (Academic Article)
Higgins, ET, Strauman, TJ, and Klein, R. "Self-concept discrepancy theory: Domain of self and standpoint on self as cognitive dimensions of the self." Bulletin of the British Psychological Society 37 (1984): 112-. (Academic Article)