Timothy J. Strauman

Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., New York University 1987

  • M.A., University of Chicago 1979

  • B.A., Duquesne University 1978

Overview

Professor Strauman's research focuses on the psychological and neurobiological processes that enable self-regulation, conceptualized in terms of a cognitive/motivational perspective, as well as the relation between self-regulation and affect. Particular areas of emphasis include: (1) conceptualizing self-regulation in terms of brain/behavior motivational systems; (2) the role of self-regulatory cognitive processes in vulnerability to depression and other disorders; (3) the impact of treatments for depression, such as psychotherapy and medication, on self-regulatory function and dysfunction in depression; (4) how normative and non-normative socialization patterns influence the development of self-regulatory systems; (5) the contributory roles of self-regulation, affect, and psychopathology in determining immunologically-mediated susceptibility to illness; (6) development of novel multi-component treatments for depression targeting self-regulatory dysfunction; (7) utilization of brain imaging techniques to test hypotheses concerning self-regulation, including the nature and function of hypothetical regulatory systems and characterizing the breakdowns in self-regulation that lead to and accompany depression.

Expertise

Self-regulation, depression, translational research

Scult, MA, Knodt, AR, Hanson, JL, Ryoo, M, Adcock, RA, Hariri, AR, and Strauman, TJ. "Individual differences in regulatory focus predict neural response to reward." Social neuroscience 12.4 (August 2017): 419-429. Full Text Open Access Copy

Strauman, TJ. "Self-Regulation and Psychopathology: Toward an Integrative Translational Research Paradigm." Annual review of clinical psychology 13 (May 2017): 497-523. Full Text

MacDuffie, KE, and Strauman, TJ. "Understanding Our Own Biology: The Relevance of Auto-Biological Attributions for Mental Health." Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice 24.1 (March 2017): 50-68. Full Text

Luber, BM, Davis, S, Bernhardt, E, Neacsiu, A, Kwapil, L, Lisanby, SH, and Strauman, TJ. "Using neuroimaging to individualize TMS treatment for depression: Toward a new paradigm for imaging-guided intervention." NeuroImage 148 (March 2017): 1-7. Full Text Open Access Copy

Scult, MA, Paulli, AR, Mazure, ES, Moffitt, TE, Hariri, AR, and Strauman, TJ. "The association between cognitive function and subsequent depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis." Psychological medicine 47.1 (January 2017): 1-17. Full Text Open Access Copy

Mason, TB, Lavender, JM, Wonderlich, SA, Crosby, RD, Engel, SG, Strauman, TJ, Mitchell, JE, Crow, SJ, Le Grange, D, Klein, MH, Smith, TL, and Peterson, CB. "Self-Discrepancy and Eating Disorder Symptoms Across Eating Disorder Diagnostic Groups." European eating disorders review : the journal of the Eating Disorders Association 24.6 (November 2016): 541-545. Full Text Open Access Copy

Chung, T, Noronha, A, Carroll, KM, Potenza, MN, Hutchison, K, Calhoun, VD, Gabrieli, JDE, Morgenstern, J, Nixon, SJ, Wexler, BE, Brewer, J, Ray, L, Filbey, F, Strauman, TJ, Kober, H, and Feldstein Ewing, SW. "Brain mechanisms of Change in Addictions Treatment: Models, Methods, and Emerging Findings." Current addiction reports 3.3 (September 2016): 332-342. Full Text Open Access Copy

Waters, SJ, Strauman, TJ, McKee, DC, Campbell, LC, Shelby, RA, Dixon, KE, Fras, AM, and Keefe, FJ. "Self-system therapy for distress associated with persistent low back pain: A randomized clinical trial." Psychotherapy research : journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research 26.4 (July 2016): 472-483. Full Text Open Access Copy

Blalock, DV, Franzese, AT, Machell, KA, and Strauman, TJ. "Attachment style and self-regulation: How our patterns in relationships reflect broader motivational styles." Personality and Individual Differences 87 (December 2015): 90-98. Full Text Open Access Copy

Pages

Carrig, MM, Kolden, GG, and Strauman, TJ. "Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in psychotherapy research: A brief introduction to concepts, methods and task selection." Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Psychotherapy Research. January 1, 2014. 72-84. Full Text

Carrig, MM, Kolden, GG, and Strauman, TJ. "Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in psychotherapy research: A brief introduction to concepts, methods, and task selection." Quantitative and qualitative methods in psychotherapy research. Ed. W Lutz and S Knox. New York, NY: Routledge, 2014. 72-84. (Chapter)

Couple Communication in Cancer: A Multi-method Examination awarded by Arizona State University (Co Investigator). 2016 to 2017

Student Resilience awarded by Duke Endowment (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2017

Motivated Memory as Therapeutic Target awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2011 to 2017

Student Resilience awarded by Duke Endowment (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2016

Instructed Activation of the Human Dopaminergic Midbrain using Real-Time fMRI awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co-Sponsor). 2014 to 2016

Improving Adherence to Recommended Surveillance in Breast Cancer Survivors awarded by National Institutes of Health (Mentor). 2010 to 2015

The Effects of Repeated Retrieval on Autobiographical Memories awarded by National Institutes of Health (Advisor). 2012 to 2015

Self-Regulation Failure: Identifying and Modifying a Risk Phenotype awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2014

Brain Imaging the Effects of High Sensation Value Anti-Drug PSAs awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2009 to 2013

Pages