• Publications of John Staddon

      • Journal Articles

          • Zanutto, B. S. and Staddon, J. E. R..
          • 2011.
          • Dynamics of Feeding Behavior: Role of Hypothalamic and Satiety Signals..
          • .
          • J. E. R. Staddon, R.C. MacPhail, and S. Padilla.
          • 2010.
          • Dynamics of successive induction in larval zebrafish..
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 94:
          • 261-266
          • .
          Publication Description

          Charles Sherrington identified the properties of the synapse by purely behavioral means—the study of reflexes—more than 100 years ago. They were subsequently confirmed neurophysiologically. Studying reflex interaction, he also showed that activating one reflex often facilitates another, antagonistic one: successive induction, which has since been demonstrated in a wide range of species, from aphids to locusts to dogs and humans. We show a particularly orderly example in zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae; the behavior (locomotion) of larvae is low in dark and intermediate in light, but low in light and substantially higher in dark when dark followed light. A quantitative model of a simple dynamic process is described that readily captures the behavior pattern and the effects of a number of manipulations of lighting conditions.

          • Jozefowiez, J,, Staddon, J. E. R. & Cerutti, D. T..
          • 2009.
          • Metacognition in animals: how do we know that they know?.
          • Comparative Cognition and Behavior Reviews, 2009.
          • 4:
          • 29-39
          • .
          Publication Description

          Research on animal metacognition has typically used choice discriminations whose difficulty can be varied. Animals are given some opportunity to escape the discrimination task by emitting a so-called uncertain response. The usual claim is that an animal possesses metacognition if (a) the probability of picking the uncertain response increases with task difficulty, and (b) animals are more accurate on “free-choice” trials —i.e., trials where the uncertain response was available but was not chosen—than on “forced-choice” trials, where the uncertain response is unavailable. We describe a simple behavioral economic model (BEM), based on familiar learning principles, and thus lacking any metacognition construct, which is able to meet both criteria in most of these tasks. We conclude that rather than designing ever more complex experiments to identify “metacognition,” a necessarily ill-defined concept, knowledge might better be advanced not by further refining behavioral criteria for the concept, but by the development and testing of theoretical models for the clever behavior that many animals show in these experiments.

          • J. E. R. Staddon.
          • 2009.
          • Faith and Goodness: A reply to Hocutt.
          • 37:
          • 181-185
          • .
          Publication Description

          Professor Hocutt and I agree that David Hume first pointed out that “ought”—what should be done—cannot be derived from “is”—what is the case. Hocutt goes on to claim that “ought,” in fact, derives from factual observation of “what we care about,” which amounts to saying “you should do what you want to do.” This seems to me unsatisfactory as moral philosophy.

          • Jozefowiez, J,, Staddon, J. E. R. & Cerutti, D. T..
          • 2009.
          • The Behavioral Economics of Choice and Interval Timing.
          • Psychological Review, 2009
          • 116:
          • 519-539
          • .
          Publication Description

          We propose a simple behavioral economic model (BEM) describing how reinforcement and interval timing interact. The model assumes a Weber-law-compliant logarithmic representation of time. Associated with each represented time value are the payoffs that have been obtained for each possible response. At a given real time, the response with the highest payoff is emitted. The model accounts for a wide range of data from procedures such as simple bisection, metacognition in animals, economic effects in free-operant psychophysical procedures and paradoxical choice in double-bisection procedures. Although it assumes logarithmic time representation, it can also account for data from the time-left procedure usually cited in support of linear time representation. It encounters some difficulties in complex free-operant choice procedures, such as concurrent mixed fixed-interval schedules as well as some of the data on double bisection, that may involve additional processes. Overall, BEM provides a theoretical framework for understanding how reinforcement and interval timing work together to determine choice between temporally differentiated reinforcers.

          • John Staddon.
          • 2008.
          • Distracting Miss Daisy.
          • The Atlantic
          • 102-104
          • .
          Publication Description

          Why stop signs and speed limits endanger Americans.

          • John Staddon.
          • 2008.
          • Gridlock: Research, teaching, curriculum, and the faculty in the modern university.Review of Whatever Happened to the Faculty? Drift and Decision in Higher Education, by Mary Burgan. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006.
          • Academic Questions
          • 20:
          • 370-381
          • .
          • J. E. R. Staddon, Jozefowiez, J. & Cerutti, D. T..
          • 2007.
          • Staddon, J. E. R., (2007) Metacognition: A Problem not a Process. PsyCrit, April. http://psycrit.com/Articles.
          • PsyCrit
          • .
          Publication Description

          "Metacognition" in animals can be explained by familiar learning principles...

          • Zanutto B. S., Staddon J. E. R..
          • 2007.
          • Bang-Bang Control of Feeding: Role of hypothalamic and satiety signals..
          • PLoS Computional Biology
          • 3(5): e97:
          • .
          Publication Description

          ats, people, and many other omnivores eat in meals rather than continuously. We show by experimental test that eating in meals is regulated by a simple bang-bang control system, an idea foreshadowed by Le Magnen and many others, shown by us to account for a wide range of behavioral data, but never explicitly tested or tied to neurophysiological facts. The hypothesis is simply that the tendency to eat rises with time at a rate determined by satiety signals. When these signals fall below a set point, eating begins, in on–off fashion. The delayed sequelae of eating increment the satiety signals, which eventually turn eating off. Thus, under free conditions, the organism eats in bouts separated by noneating activities. We report an experiment with rats to test novel predictions about meal patterns that are not explained by existing homeostatic approaches. Access to food was systematically but unpredictably interrupted just as the animal tried to start a new meal. A simple bang-bang model fits the resulting meal-pattern data well, and its elements can be identified with neurophysiological processes. Hypothalamic inputs can provide the set point for longer-term regulation carried out by a comparator in the hindbrain. Delayed gustatory and gastrointestinal aftereffects of eating act via the nucleus of the solitary tract and other hindbrain regions as neural feedback governing short-term regulation. In this way, the model forges real links between a functioning feedback mechanism, neuro–hormonal data, and both short-term (meals) and long-term (eating-rate regulation) behavioral data.

          • Jozefowiez, J., Cerutti, D.T., & Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 2005.
          • Timing in choice experiments.
          • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
          • 31:
          • 213-225.
          • .
          • Ludvig, E.A., & Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 2005.
          • The effects of interval duration on temporal tracking and alternation learning.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 243-262
          • .
          • J. E. R. Staddon.
          • 2005.
          • Interval timing: Memory not a clock.
          • Trends in Cognitive Sciences
          • 9:
          • .
          Publication Description

          Interval timing, anticipation of periodic events signalled by a time marker, has been explained by a separate pacemaker-counter clock. But recent theoretical work suggests that memory strength can act as clock. The way that memory strength declines with time can be inferred from the properties of habituation and the same process provides a parsimonious explanation for proportional timing, the Weber-law property and several other proper-ties of interval timing.

          • Cerutti, D.T., & Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 2004.
          • Time and rate measures in choice transitions.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 81:
          • 135-154
          • .
          • Cerutti, D.T., & Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 2004.
          • Immediacy vs. anticipated delay in the time-left experiment: A test of the cognitive hypothesis.
          • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
          • 30:
          • 45-57
          • .
          • Ludvig, E.A., & Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 2004.
          • The conditions for temporal tracking on interval schedules of reinforcement.
          • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
          • 30:
          • 299-316
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 2004.
          • Scientific imperialism and behaviorist epistemology..
          • Philosophy & Behavior
          • 32:
          • 231-242
          • .
          Publication Description

          E. O. Wilson and B. F. Skinner have argued for an evolutionary ethics that allows what ought to be to be derived from what is, ethics from science. But evolution is inherently unpredictable. Some practices whose benefits cannot be proved may nevertheless turn out to be good for the survival of a culture or the race. Others that seem good may turn out to be bad. Consequently the evolutionary argument implies that a successful culture will believe some things that cannot be proved. It also tells us we cannot know in advance what those things will be.

          • Staddon, J. E. R. & Cerutti, D. T..
          • 2003.
          • Operant behavior..
          • Annual Review of Psychology
          • 54:
          • 115-144
          • .
          Publication Description

          Operant behavior is behavior “controlled” by its consequences. In practice operant conditioning is the study of reversible behavior maintained by reinforcement schedules. We review empirical studies and theoretical approaches to two large classes of operant behavior: interval timing and choice. We discuss cognitive vs. behavioral approaches to timing, the “gap” experiment and its implications, proportional timing and Weber’s law, temporal dynamics and linear waiting and the problem of simple chain-interval schedules. We review the long history of research on operant choice: the matching law, its extensions and problems, concurrent chain schedules and self control. We point out how linear waiting may be involved in timing, choice and reinforcement schedules generally. There are prospects for a unified approach to all these areas.

          • Staddon, J.E.R., Cerutti, D. T..
          • 2003.
          • Operant behavior.
          • Annual Review of Psychology
          • 54:
          • 115-144
          • .
          • Dragoi, V., Staddon, J.E.R., Palmer, R.G., & Buhusi, V.C..
          • 2003.
          • Interval timing as an emergent learning property.
          • Psychological Review
          • 110:
          • 126-144
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R., Chelaru, I.M., & Higa, J.J..
          • 2002.
          • A Tuned-Trace Theory of Interval-Timing Dynamics.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 77:
          • 105-124
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R., Chelaru, I.M., & Higa, J.J..
          • 2002.
          • Habituation, Memory and the Brain: The Dynamics of Interval Timing.
          • Behavioural Processes
          • 57:
          • 71-88
          • .
          Publication Description

          Memory decay is rapid at first and slower later—a feature that accounts for Jost’s memory law: that old memories gain on newer ones with lapse of time. The rate-sensitive property of habituation—that recovery after spaced stimuli may be slower than after massed—provides a clue to the dynamics of memory decay. Rate-sensitive habituation can be modeled by a cascade of thresholded integrator units that have a counterpart in human brain areas identified by magnetic source imaging (MSI). The memory trace component of the multiple-time-scale model for habituation can provide a ‘clock’ that has the properties necessary to account for both static and dynamic properties of interval timing: static proportional and Weber-law timing as well as dynamic tracking of progressive, ‘impulse’ and periodic interval sequences.

          • Staddon, J.E.R., Machado, A., & Lourenco, O..
          • 2001.
          • Plus ca change....Jost, Piaget and the Dynamics of Embodiment.
          • Behavioral and Brain Sciences
          • 24:
          • 63-65
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 2000.
          • Consciousness and Theoretical Behaviorism.
          • American Zoologist
          • 40:
          • 874-882
          • .
          • Dragoi, V. & Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 1999.
          • The Dynamics of Operant Conditioning.
          • Psychological Review
          • 106:
          • 20-61
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R., Higa, J.J. & Chelaru, I.M..
          • 1999.
          • Time, Trace, Memory.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 71:
          • 293-301
          • .
          • Talton, L., Higa, J.J., & Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 1999.
          • Interval Schedule Performance in the Goldfish (Carassius auratus).
          • Behavioural Processes
          • 45:
          • 193-206
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R. & Higa, J.J..
          • 1999.
          • The Choose-Short Effect and Trace Theories of Timing.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 72:
          • 473-8
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R. & Higa, J. J..
          • 1999.
          • Time and memory: Towards a pacemaker-free theory of interval timing..
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 71:
          • 293-301
          • .
          Publication Description

          A popular view of interval timing in animals is that it is driven by a discrete pacemaker-accumulator (PA) mechanism that yields a linear scale for encoded time. But PA mechanisms are fundamentally at odds with the Weber-law property of interval timing and experiments supporting linear encoded time can be interpreted in other ways. We argue that the dominant PA theory, scalar expectancy theory (SET), fails to explain some basic properties of operant behavior on interval-timing procedures and can only accommodate a number of discrepancies by modifications and elaborations that raise questions about the entire theory. We propose an alternative that is based on principles of memory dynamics derived from the multiple-time-scale (MTS) model of habituation. The MTS timing model can account for data from a wide variety of time-related experiments: proportional and Weber-law temporal discrimination, transient as well as persistent effects of reinforcement omission and reinforcement magnitude, bisection, the discrimination of relative as well as absolute duration, the choose-short effect and its analogue in number-discrimination experiments. Resemblances between timing and counting are an automatic consequence of the model. We also argue that the transient and persistent effects of drugs on time estimates can be interpreted as well within MTS theory as in SET. Recent real-time physiological data conform in surprising detail to the assumptions of the MTS habituation model. Comparisons between the two views suggest a number of novel experiments.

          See also comments from seven other researchers in this issue of JEAB.

          • Staddon, J.E.R. & Higa, J.J..
          • 1999.
          • Time and memory: Towards a pacemaker-free theory of interval timing.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 71:
          • 215-251
          • .
          Publication Description

          A popular view of interval timing in animals is that it is driven by a discrete pacemaker-accumulator (PA) mechanism that yields a linear scale for encoded time. But PA mechanisms are fundamentally at odds with the Weber-law property of interval timing and experiments supporting linear encoded time can be interpreted in other ways. We argue that the dominant PA theory, scalar expectancy theory (SET), fails to explain some basic properties of operant behavior on interval-timing procedures and can only accommodate a number of discrepancies by modifications and elaborations that raise questions about the entire theory. We propose an alternative that is based on principles of memory dynamics derived from the multiple-time-scale (MTS) model of habituation. The MTS timing model can account for data from a wide variety of time-related experiments: proportional and Weber-law temporal discrimination, transient as well as persistent effects of reinforcement omission and reinforcement magnitude, bisection, the discrimination of relative as well as absolute duration, the choose-short effect and its analogue in number-discrimination experiments. Resemblances between timing and counting are an automatic consequence of the model. We also argue that the transient and persistent effects of drugs on time estimates can be interpreted as well within MTS theory as in SET. Recent real-time physiological data conform in surprising detail to the assumptions of the MTS habituation model. Comparisons between the two views suggest a number of novel experiments.

          See also commentaries by seven other researchers in this issue.

          • Reid, A. & Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 1998.
          • A dynamic route-finder for the cognitive map.
          • Psychological Review
          • 105:
          • 385-601
          • .
          • Horner, J.M., Staddon, J.E.R., & Lozano, K.L..
          • 1997.
          • Integration of reinforcement effects over time.
          • Animal Learning and Behavior
          • 25:
          • 84-98
          • .
          • Reid, A.K. & Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 1997.
          • A reader for the cognitive map.
          • Information Sciences
          • 100:
          • 217-228
          • .
          • Manabe, K., Staddon, J.E.R., & Cleaveland, M..
          • 1997.
          • Control of vocal repertoire by reward in budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus).
          • Journal of Comparative Psychology
          • 111:
          • 50-62
          • .
          • Gelenbe, E., Schmajuk, N., Staddon, J.E.R., & Reif, J..
          • 1997.
          • Autonomous search by robots and animals: a survey.
          • Robotics and Autonomous Systems
          • 22:
          • 23-34
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R. & Higa, J.J..
          • 1996.
          • Multiple time scales in simple habituation.
          • Psychological Review
          • 103:
          • 720-733
          • .
          • Wynne, C. D. L., Staddon, J. E. R., & Delius, J..
          • 1996.
          • Dynamics of waiting in pigeons.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 65:
          • 603-618
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 1995.
          • Schedule combinations and choice: experiment and theory.
          • Mexican Journal of Behavior Analysis
          • 21:
          • 163-274
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1995.
          • Combinaciones de programas y elección: experimentos y teoria.
          • Revista Mexicana de Análisis de la Conducta
          • 21:
          • 169-281
          • .
          • Delius, J. D., Ameling, M., Lea, S. E. G., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1995.
          • Reinforcement concordance induces and maintains stimulus associations in pigeons.
          • The Psychological Record
          • 45:
          • 283-297
          • .
          • Manabe, K., Kawashima, T. & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1995.
          • Differential vocalization in budgerigars: Towards an experimental analysis of naming.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 63:
          • 111-126
          • .
          • Innis, N. K., Mitchell, S., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1993.
          • Temporal control on interval schedules: What determines the postreinforcement pause?.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 60:
          • 293-311
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1993.
          • The conventional wisdom of behavior analysis: Response to comments.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 60:
          • 489-494
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1993.
          • The conventional wisdom of behavior analysis.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 60:
          • 439-447
          • .
          • Davis, D. G. S., Staddon, J. E. R., Machado, A., & Palmer, R. G.
          • 1993.
          • The process of recurrent choice.
          • Psychological Review
          • 100:
          • 320-341
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1993.
          • On rate-sensitive habituation.
          • Adaptive Behavior
          • 1:
          • 421-436
          • .
          • Higa, J. J., Thaw, J. M., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1993.
          • Pigeons' wait-time responses to transitions in interfood-interval duration: another look at cyclic schedule performance.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 59:
          • 529-541
          • .
          • Higa, J. J., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1993.
          • "Transitive inference" in multiple conditional discriminations.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 59:
          • 265-291
          • .
          • Wynne, C. D. L. & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1992.
          • Waiting in pigeons: The effects of daily intercalation on temporal discrimination.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 58:
          • 47-66
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1992.
          • The 'superstition' experiment: A reversible figure.
          • Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
          • 121:
          • 270-272
          • .
          • Kohn, A, Kohn, W. K., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1992.
          • Preferences for constant-duration delays and constant-sized rewards in human subjects.
          • Behavioural Processes
          • 26:
          • 125-142
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1992.
          • Rationality, melioration and law-of-effect models for choice.
          • Psychological Science
          • 3:
          • 136-141
          • .
          • Higa, J. J., Wynne, C. D. L., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1991.
          • Dynamics of time discrimination.
          • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
          • 17:
          • 281-291
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Bueno, J.L.O.
          • 1991.
          • On models, behaviorism and the neural basis of learning.
          • Psychological Science
          • 2:
          • 3-11
          • .
          • Fersen, L. von, Wynne, C. D. L., Delius, J. D., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1991.
          • Transitive inference formation in pigeons.
          • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
          • 17:
          • 334-341
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., Wynne, C. D. L. & Higa, J. J.
          • 1991.
          • The role of timing in reinforcement schedule performance.
          • Learning and Motivation
          • 22:
          • 200-225
          • .
          • Fersen, L. von, Wynne, C. D. L., Delius, J. D., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1990.
          • Deductive reasoning in pigeons.
          • Naturwissenschafften
          • 77:
          • 548-549
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Reid, A. K.
          • 1990.
          • On the dynamics of generalization.
          • Psychological Review
          • 97:
          • 576-578
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Zhang, Y.
          • 1989.
          • Response selection in operant learning.
          • Behavioural Processes
          • 20:
          • 189-197
          • .
          • Innis, N. K., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1989.
          • What should comparative psychology compare?.
          • International Journal of Comparative Psychology
          • 2:
          • 145-156
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Horner, J. M.
          • 1989.
          • Stochastic choice models: A comparison between Bush-Mosteller and a source-independent reward-following model.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 52:
          • 57-64
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1988.
          • Trial-and-error learning as a scheduling problem.
          • Proceedings of the Fourth Annual AAAIC Conference
          • 2:
          • 295-303
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1988.
          • On the process of reinforcement.
          • Behavioral and Brain Sciences.
          • 11:
          • 467-469
          • .
          • Wynne, C. D. L., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1988.
          • Typical delay determines waiting time on periodic-food schedules: static and dynamic tests.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 50:
          • 197-210
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1988.
          • Quasi-dynamic choice models: melioration and ratio-invariance.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 49:
          • 303-320
          • .
          • Ettinger, R. H., Reid. A. K., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1987.
          • Sensitivity to molar feedback functions: A test of molar optimality theory.
          • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
          • 13:
          • 366-375
          • .
          • Reid, A. K., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1987.
          • Within-session meal-size effects on drinking.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 48:
          • 289-301
          • .
          • Horner, J. M., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1987.
          • Probabilistic choice: A simple invariance.
          • Behavioural Processes
          • 15:
          • 59-92
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1987.
          • Science and pseudoscience.
          • Interdisciplinary Science Reviews
          • 12:
          • 114-116
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1986.
          • Igualación, maximización y seguimiento de la recompensa.
          • Revista Latinamericana Psicologia
          • 18:
          • 367-386
          • .
          • Ettinger, R. H., Thompson, S., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1986.
          • Cholecystokinin, lithium chloride, and feeding regulation in rats.
          • Physiology and Behavior
          • 36:
          • 801-809
          • .
          • Gendron, R. P., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1984.
          • A laboratory simulation of foraging behavior: The effect of search rate on the probability of detecting prey.
          • American Naturalist
          • 124:
          • 407-415
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1984.
          • Social learning theory and the dynamics of interaction.
          • Psychological Review
          • 91:
          • 502-507
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1984.
          • Time and memory.
          • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
          • 423:
          • 322-334
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1983.
          • Sobre a nocão de causa: aplicacões ao caso do Behaviorismo.
          • . Cadernos de História e Filosofia da Ciência
          • 4:
          • 48-92
          • .
          • Innis, N. K., Simmelhag-Grant, V. L., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1983.
          • Behavior induced by periodic food delivery: The effects of interfood interval.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 39:
          • 309-322
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Hinson, J. M.
          • 1983.
          • Optimization: A result or a mechanism?.
          • Science
          • 221:
          • 976-977
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Gendron, R. P.
          • 1983.
          • Optimal detection of cryptic prey may lead to predator switching.
          • American Naturalist
          • 122:
          • 843-848
          • .
          • Gendron, R. P., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1983.
          • Searching for cryptic prey: The effect of search rate.
          • American Naturalist
          • 121:
          • 172-186
          • .
          • Ettinger, R. H., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1983.
          • The operant regulation of feeding: A static analysis.
          • Behavioral Neuroscience
          • 97:
          • 639-653
          • .
          • Hinson, J. M., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1983.
          • Matching, maximizing and hill climbing.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 40:
          • 321-331
          • .
          • Hinson, J. M., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1983.
          • Hill-climbing by pigeons.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 39:
          • 25-47
          • .
          • Starr, B. C., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1982.
          • Sensory superstition on multiple interval schedules.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 37:
          • 267-280
          • .
          • Reid, A. K., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1982.
          • Schedule-induced drinking: Elicitation, anticipation, or behavioral interaction?.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 38:
          • 1-18
          • .
          • Ettinger, R. H., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1982.
          • Decreased feeding associated with acute hypoxia in rats.
          • Physiology and Behavior
          • 29:
          • 455-458
          • .
          • Ettinger, R. H., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1982.
          • Behavioral competition, component duration and multiple-schedule contrast.
          • Behaviour Analysis Letters
          • 2:
          • 31-38
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., Hinson, J. M., & Kram, R.
          • 1981.
          • Optimal choice.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 35:
          • 397-412
          • .
          • King, A. P., West, M. J., Eastzer, D. H., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1981.
          • An experimental investigation of the bioacoustics of cowbird song.
          • Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
          • 9:
          • 211-217
          • .
          • Houston, A. I., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1981.
          • Optimality principles in behavior: It's all for the best.
          • Behavioral and Brain Sciences
          • 4:
          • 395-396
          • .
          • Hinson, J. M., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1981.
          • Some temporal properties of local contrast.
          • Behaviour Analysis Letters
          • 1:
          • 275-281
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1981.
          • ). Cognition in animals: Learning as program assembly.
          • Cognition
          • 10:
          • 287-294
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., King, M. & Lockhead, G. R.
          • 1980.
          • On sequential effects in absolute judgment experiments.
          • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
          • 2:
          • 290-301
          • .
          • Blaine, C., Innis, N. K. & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1980.
          • Stimulus control of behavior induced by a schedule of periodic food presentation in pigeons.
          • Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society
          • 16:
          • 131-134
          • .
          • West, M. J., King, A. P., Eastzer, D. H., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1979.
          • A bioassay of isolate cowbird song.
          • Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology
          • 93:
          • 124-133
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Motheral, S.
          • 1979.
          • Response independence, matching, and maximizing: A reply to Heyman.
          • Psychological Review
          • 86:
          • 501-505
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1979.
          • Operant behavior as adaptation to constraint.
          • Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
          • 108:
          • 48-67
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1979.
          • Conservation and consequences—theories of behavior under constraint: An overview.
          • Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
          • 108:
          • 1-3
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., McGeorge, L. W., Bruce, R. A., & Klein, F. F.
          • 1978.
          • A simple method for the rapid analysis of animal sounds.
          • Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie
          • 48:
          • 306-330
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Motheral, S.
          • 1978.
          • On matching and maximizing in operant choice experiments.
          • Psychological Review
          • 85:
          • 436-444
          • .
          • Hinson, J. M., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1978.
          • Behavioral competition: A mechanism for schedule interactions.
          • Science
          • 202:
          • 432-434
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1978.
          • A theory of behavioral power functions.
          • Psychological Review
          • 85:
          • 305-320
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1977.
          • Temporal fine structure of bird song.
          • Proceedings of the XVth International Ethological Conference
          • 156
          • .
          • Kello, J. E., Innis, N. K., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1975.
          • Eccentric stimuli on multiple fixed-interval schedules.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 23:
          • 233-240
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Frank, J. A.
          • 1975.
          • Temporal control on periodic schedules: Fine structure.
          • Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society
          • 6:
          • 536-538
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Frank, J.
          • 1975.
          • The role of the peck-food contingency on fixed-interval schedules.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 23:
          • 17-23
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Ayres, S.
          • 1975.
          • Sequential and temporal properties of behavior induced by a schedule of periodic food delivery.
          • Behaviour
          • 54:
          • 26-49
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1975.
          • Limitations on temporal control: Generalization and the effects of context.
          • British Journal of Psychology
          • 66:
          • 229-246
          • .
          • Starr, B., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1974.
          • Temporal control on fixed-interval schedules: Signal properties of reinforcement and blackout.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 22:
          • 535-545
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Frank, J.
          • 1974.
          • Mechanisms of discrimination reversal.
          • Animal Behaviour
          • 22:
          • 802-828
          • .
          • Kello, J. E., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1974.
          • Control of long-interval performance on mixed cyclic- interval schedules.
          • Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society
          • 4:
          • 1-4
          • .
          • Frank, J., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1974.
          • The effects of restraint on temporal discrimination behavior.
          • Psychological Record
          • 23:
          • 123-130
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1974.
          • Temporal control, attention and memory.
          • Psychological Review
          • 81:
          • 375-391
          • .
          • Malone, J. C., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1973.
          • Contrast effects in maintained generalization gradients.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 19:
          • 167-179
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1972.
          • Reinforcement omission on temporal go–no-go schedules.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 18:
          • 223-229
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1972.
          • A note on the analysis of behavioral sequences in Columba livia.
          • Animal Behaviour
          • 20:
          • 284-292
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Simmelhag, V.
          • 1971.
          • The “superstition” experiment: A reexamination of its implications for the principles of adaptive behavior.
          • Psychological Review
          • 78:
          • 3-43
          • .
          • Innis, N. K., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1971.
          • Temporal tracking on cyclic-interval reinforcement schedules.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 16:
          • 411-423
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Simmelhag, V.
          • 1970.
          • “Superstitious” sequences.
          • Proceedings of the 78th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association
          • 757-758
          • .
          • Innis, N. K., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1970.
          • Sequential effects in cyclic-interval schedules.
          • Psychonomic Science
          • 19:
          • 313-315
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1970.
          • Temporal effects of reinforcement: A negative “frustration” effect.
          • Learning and Motivation
          • 1:
          • 227-247
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1970.
          • Effect of reinforcement duration on fixed-interval responding..
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 13:
          • 9-11
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Innis, N. K.
          • 1969.
          • Reinforcement omission on fixed-interval schedules.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 12:
          • 689-700
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1969.
          • Multiple fixed-interval schedules: Transient contrast and temporal inhibition.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 12:
          • 583-590
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1969.
          • The effect of informative feedback on temporal tracking in the pigeon.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 12:
          • 27-38
          • .
          • Innis, N. K., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1969.
          • Scopolamine and reinforcement omission on fixed-interval schedules.
          • Psychonomic Science
          • 14:
          • 43-45
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1968.
          • Spaced responding and choice: A preliminary analysis.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 11:
          • 669-682
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1967.
          • Asymptotic behavior: The concept of the operant.
          • Psychological Review
          • 74:
          • 377-391
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1967.
          • Attention and temporal discrimination: Factors controlling responding under a cyclic-interval schedule.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 10:
          • 349-359
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Innis, N. K.
          • 1966.
          • Preference for fixed vs. variable amounts of reward.
          • Psychonomic Science
          • 4:
          • 193-194
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Innis, N. K.
          • 1966.
          • An effect analogous to “frustration” on interval reinforcement schedules.
          • Psychonomic Science,
          • 4:
          • 287-288
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1965.
          • Some properties of spaced responding in pigeons.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 8:
          • 19-27
          • .
          • J. E. R. Staddon.
          • 1964.
          • Reinforcement as input: Cyclic variable-interval schedule.
          • Science
          • 145:
          • 410-412
          • .
      • Books

          • J. E. R. Staddon.
          • 2010.
          • Adaptive behavior and learning..
          • Cambridge University Press. New (updated internet edition).
          • Staddon, J. E. R..
          • 2003.
          • Adaptive behavior and learning..
          Publication Description

          psychweb.psych.duke.edu/department/jers/abl/TableC.htm

          • J. E. R. Staddon.
          • 2003.
          • Adaptive Behavior and Learning.
          • Internet Edition.
          • Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 2001.
          • The New Behaviorism: Mind, Mechanism and Society.
          • Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.
          • xiii, 1-211 p.
          • Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 2001.
          • Adaptive Dynamics: The Theoretical Analysis of Behavior.
          • Cambridge, MA: MIT/Bradford.
          • xiv, 1-423 p.
          • J. Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1993.
          • Behaviorism: Mind, Mechanism and Society.
          • London: Duckworth.
          • 1-128 p.
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Ettinger, R. H.
          • 1989.
          • Learning: An introduction to the principles of adaptive behavior.
          • San Diego: Harcourt-Brace-Jovanovich.
          • i-ix, 1-436 p.
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1983.
          • Adaptive behavior and learning.
          • New York: Cambridge University Press.
          • xiii, 1-555 p.
      • Chapters in Books

          • John Staddon.
          • 2008.
          • Epilogue.
          • 389-390
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 2004.
          • Humanism and Skinner's radical behaviorism.
          • 129-146
          • .
          • Cerutti, D.T., Chelaru, I.M, & Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 2000.
          • Detecting Hidden Targets: A Procedure for Studying Performance in a Mine-Detection-Like-Task.
          • 102-109
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1999.
          • On responsibility in science and law.
          • 146-174
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1999.
          • Theoretical Behaviorism.
          • 217-241
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R. & I.M. Chelaru.
          • 1998.
          • Diffusion-based guidance systems for autonomous agents.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R. & Zanutto, B.S..
          • 1998.
          • In praise of parsimony.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1998.
          • The dynamics of memory in animal learning.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R. & Zanutto, B.S.
          • 1997.
          • Feeding dynamics: why rats eat in meals and what this means for foraging and feeding regulation.
          • .
          • Higa, J.J., & Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 1997.
          • Dynamic models of rapid temporal control in animals.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1997.
          • Why behaviorism needs internal states.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1994.
          • Verstärkungsverzögerung und Wahl.
          • 208-233
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1994.
          • Optimierungs-Analysen des operanten Verhaltens.
          • 179-207
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1994.
          • Ketten-programme und konditionierte Verstärkung.
          • 167-178
          • .
          • Dragoi, V., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1994.
          • A competitive neural network model for the process of recurrent choice.
          • 65-72
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1993.
          • A note on rate-sensitive habituation.
          • 203-207
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R. & Higa, J. J.
          • 1991.
          • Temporal learning.
          • 27:
          • 265-294
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R. & Zhang, Y.
          • 1991.
          • On the assignment-of-credit problem in operant learning.
          • 279-293
          • .
          • Reid, A. K., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1990.
          • Mechanisms of schedule entrainment.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1988.
          • Animal psychology: The tyranny of anthropocentrism.
          • 123-135
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1988.
          • Learning as inference.
          • 59-77
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1987.
          • Optimality theory and behavior.
          • 179-198
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R. & Reid, A. K.
          • 1987.
          • Adaptation to reward.
          • 497-523
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1987.
          • Principles of database management.
          • 55-81
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1985.
          • The comparative psychology of operant behavior.
          • 83-94
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1985.
          • Inference, memory and representation.
          • 287-295
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1984.
          • On discrimination.
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Gendron, R. P.
          • 1983.
          • Search image and the optimal detection of cryptic prey.
          • 269
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1982.
          • Behavioral competition, contrast, and matching.
          • 243- 261
          • .
          • Hinson, J. M. & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1981.
          • Maximizing on interval schedules.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1981.
          • Reinforcement schedules.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1981.
          • Operant behavior.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1981.
          • On a possible relation between cultural transmission and genetical evolution.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1980.
          • Optimality analyses of operant behavior and their relation to optimal foraging.
          • 101-141
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1980.
          • Obesity and the operant regulation of feeding.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1977.
          • Schedule-induced behavior.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1977.
          • Behavioral competition in conditioning situations: Notes toward a theory of generalization and inhibition.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1975.
          • Learning as adaptation.
          • 2:
          • 37-98
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1972.
          • Temporal control and the theory of reinforcement schedules.
          • 209-262
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1969.
          • Reinforcement omission and contrast on fixed- interval schedules.
          • .
      • Commentaries/Book Reviews

          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 2004.
          • Review of The myth of ownership: taxes and justice.
          • Society
          • 41:
          • 90-92
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 2004.
          • A call to arms.
          • Behavior Analyst
          • 27:
          • 117-118
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 2004.
          • Scientific Imperialism and Behaviorist Epistemology.
          • Behavior and Philosophy
          • 32:
          • 231-242
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 2004.
          • The future.
          • Behavior and Philosophy
          • 32:
          • 243-245
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 2002.
          • Up Close: Impersonal.
          • The Behavior Analyst
          • 25:
          • 121-122
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 2002.
          • Memories of Memorial Hall.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 77:
          • 392
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 2001.
          • The Trouble with Stanley...A Review of The Trouble with Principle by Stanley Fish.
          • Behavior and Philosophy
          • 29:
          • 63-74
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 2001.
          • Science as Politics by Other Means: Fact and Analysis in an Ethical World.
          • Behavior & Philosophy
          • 29:
          • i-iii
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1999.
          • On Responsibility in Science and Law.
          • Social Philosophy and Policy
          • 16:
          • 146-174
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1998.
          • Instinct and the operant (Editorial).
          • Behavior and Philosophy
          • 26:
          • 1-2
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1997.
          • Creativity is first criterion.
          • Journal of NIH Research (Advise and Dissent)
          • 13:
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1997.
          • Who should pay for science? Essay review of The Economic Laws of Scientific Research by T. Kealey.
          • Reason
          • 64-65
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1997.
          • Theory and behavior analysis: comment on The S-R Issue: Its status in behavior analysis and in Donahoe and Palmer's Learning and Complex Behavior.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 67:
          • 245-246
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1996.
          • Freedom from fear?.
          • The Oxford American
          • 103-106
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1995.
          • On responsibility and punishment.
          • The Atlantic Monthly
          • 88-94
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1994.
          • Review of B. F. Skinner: A life by D. W. Bjork and B. F. Skinner: A reappraisal, by M. N. Richelle.
          • American Scientist
          • 82:
          • 584-585
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., Davis, D. G. S., Machado, A. & Palmer, R. G.
          • 1994.
          • The cumulative effects model. A response to Williams.
          • Psychological Review
          • 101:
          • 708-710
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1993.
          • Pepper with a pinch of psalt: A comment on Contextualistic Mechanism or Mechanistic Contextualism.
          • The Behavior Analyst
          • 16:
          • 245-250
          • .
          • 'Group, L. A. B.'.
          • 1992.
          • Omnium Skinnerium: everything you ever wanted to know about the experimental analysis of behavior. Collective review of Experimental Analysis of Behavior, (I. H. Iversen & K. A. Lattal, Eds.).
          • Behavioural Processes
          • xx:
          • 209-217
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1992.
          • Review of Bionomics: The inevitability of capitalism, by Michael Rothschild (New York: Henry Holt, 1990).
          • Quarterly Review of Biology
          • 67:
          • 95-96
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1991.
          • “The distemper of learning...” A review of S. B. Klein and R. R. Mowrer (Eds.) Contemporary Learning Theories: Instrumental Conditioning Theory and the Impact of Biological Constraints on Learning.
          • Contemporary Psychology
          • 36:
          • 506-507
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1989.
          • Feeding by numbers: Foraging and reinforcement theory. A review of Quantitative analysis of behavior: Foraging. Vol. 6. Commons, M. L., Kacelnik, A, & Shettleworth, S. J. (Eds.) Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1987.
          • Contemporary Psychology
          • 34:
          • 682-683
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1988.
          • The functional properties of feeding, or why we still need the black box..
          • Appetite
          • 11:
          • 54-61
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1987.
          • Brain models and behaviorism: A review of Vehicles by Valentino Braitenberg.
          • Behaviorism
          • 15:
          • 63-66
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1986.
          • Review of Issues in the Ecological Study of Learning. Edited by T. D. Johnston, & A. T. Pietrewicz. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum. (1985).
          • Animal Behaviour
          • 34:
          • 304
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1985.
          • Review of The Evolution of Operant Learning and Memory, by W. F. Angermeier. Basel: S. Karger, 1984.
          • Quarterly Review of Biology
          • 60:
          • 114-115
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1985.
          • Behavioral economics: A partial view. Review of J. Allison (Ed.), Behavioral Economics. New York: Praeger, 1983.
          • Contemporary Psychology
          • 30:
          • 465-466
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1984.
          • Skinner's behaviorism implies a subcutaneous homunculus.
          • Behavioral and Brain Sciences
          • 7:
          • 647
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1984.
          • Reinforcement is the problem, not the solution: The selection and variation of behavior.
          • Behavioral and Brain Sciences
          • 7:
          • 697-699
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1984.
          • It's all a game: A commentary on J. Maynard Smith Game theory and the evolution of behavior.
          • Behavioral and Brain Sciences
          • 7:
          • 116-117
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1983.
          • ) “. . . As a sculptor shapes a lump of clay...” (Review of D. J. Bernstein (Ed.), Response structure and organization. The Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, 1981. Lincoln/London: University of Nebraska Press, 1982).
          • Contemporary Psychology
          • 28:
          • 795-797
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1983.
          • Review of R. McNeill Alexander (Ed.), Optima for animals. London: Arnold, 1982.
          • Bioscience
          • 33:
          • 522
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1983.
          • How animals detect causes. Review of P. Harzem & M. D. Zeiler (Eds.), Advances in analysis of behaviour: Vol. 2. Predictability, correlation, and contiguity. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 1981.
          • Contemporary Psychology
          • 28:
          • 121-123
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1982.
          • On the dangers of demand curves: A comment on Lea and Tarpy.
          • Behaviour Analysis Letters
          • 2:
          • 321-325
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1982.
          • L'Animal-machine. Review of D. McFarland & A. Houston (Eds.), Quantitative ethology: The state space approach. London: Pitman Advanced Publishing, 1981.
          • Nature
          • 296:
          • 274-275
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1982.
          • Intention. Review of D. Dennett (Ed.), Brainstorms: Philosophical essays on mind and psychology. Montgomery, Vt.: Bradford, 1978.
          • Behaviour Analysis Letters, 2, 123-125.
          • 2:
          • 123-125
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1982.
          • In the beginning was the word.
          • Behavioral and Brain Sciences
          • 3:
          • 390-391
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1981.
          • The science of the bottom line. Review of R. B. McKenzie & G. Tullock (Eds.), The new world of economics.
          • Behaviour Analysis Letters
          • 1:
          • 62-64
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1980.
          • Action and reaction.
          • Duke University Letters
          • 5:
          • 1-3
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1979.
          • Thirst—a static analysis.
          • Behavioral and Brain Sciences
          • 2:
          • 120-121
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1979.
          • Regulation and time allocation: A commentary on “conservation in behavior”.
          • Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
          • 108:
          • 35-40
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1977.
          • On Herrnstein's equation and related forms.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 28:
          • 163-170
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1975.
          • Autocontingencies: Special contingencies or special stimuli? A review of Davis, Memmott, and Hurwitz.
          • Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
          • 104:
          • 189-191
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1975.
          • A note on the evolutionary significance of supernormal stimuli.
          • American Naturalist
          • 109:
          • 541-545
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1974.
          • A note on behavioral contrast and frustration.
          • Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
          • 26:
          • 285-292
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1973.
          • On the notion of cause, with applications to behaviorism.
          • Behaviorism
          • 1:
          • 25-63
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1972.
          • Review of R. Borger & F. Cioffi (Eds.), Explanation in the behavioural sciences. Cambridge University Press, 1970.
          • American Journal of Psychology
          • 85:
          • 605-611
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1971.
          • Darwin explained: An object-lesson in theory construction. Review of M. T. Ghiselin (Ed.), The Triumph of the Darwinian Method.
          • Contemporary Psychology
          • 16:
          • 689-691
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1969.
          • Inhibition and the operant.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 12:
          • 481-487
          • .
      • Edited Volumes

          • Wynne, C.D.L. & Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1998.
          • Models for Action: Mechanisms for Adaptive Behavior.
          • .
          • Commons, M. L., Grossberg, S. & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1991.
          • Neural networks of conditioning and action, the XIIth Harvard Symposium.
          • xx, 359
          • .
          • Honig, W. K., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1983.
          • Manual de la conducta operante.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1980.
          • Limits to action: The allocation of individual behavior.
          • .
          • Honig, W. K., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1977.
          • Handbook of operant behavior.
          • .
      • Reprinted Articles

          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Simmelhag, V.
          • 1976.
          • The “superstition” experiment: A reexamination of its implications for the principles of adaptive behavior.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1976.
          • Darwin explained: An object-lesson in theory construction. [Review of M. T. Ghiselin (Ed.), The Triumph of the Darwinian Method [Reprinted as Explanation and proof].
          • 358-361
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1970.
          • The effect of information feedback on temporal tracking in pigeons.
          • 256-267
          • .

Departmental Administrators

Chair           
Huettel, Scott A
            
Associate Chair
Marsh, Elizabeth

Assistant to the Chair   
Morrell, Peggy     

Director of Undergraduate Studies   
Murphy, Karen L
          
Associate Director of Undergraduate Studies    
Vieth, Angela
            
Assistant to Director of Undergraduate Studies      
Silva Harwood, Natalia M
          
Director of Graduate Studies
Bonner, Melanie
           
Assistant to Director of Graduate Studies
Smith, Pamela D

Business Manager,
LaMaster, Cynthia
       

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