• Publications of John E. Staddon

      • Journal Articles

          • DT Cerutti, J Jozefowiez and JER Staddon.
          • 2013.
          • Rapid, accurate time estimation in zebrafish (Danio rerio).
          • BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES
          • 99:
          • 21-25
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 2013.
          • Faith, Fact, and Behaviorism.
          • BEHAVIOR ANALYST
          • 36:
          • 229-238
          • .
          • Zanutto, B. S. and Staddon, J. E. R..
          • 2011.
          • Dynamics of Feeding Behavior: Role of Hypothalamic and Satiety Signals..
          • .
          • J Jozefowiez, J McDowell and JER Staddon.
          • 2010.
          • CHOICE STUDIES IN TRANSITION.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 94:
          • 159-160
          • .
          • JER Staddon, RC MacPhail and S Padilla.
          • 2010.
          • THE DYNAMICS OF SUCCESSIVE INDUCTION IN LARVAL ZEBRAFISH.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 94:
          • 261-266
          • .
          Publication Description

          Charles Sherrington identified the properties of the synapse by purely behavioral means—the study of reflexes—more than 100 years ago. They were subsequently confirmed neurophysiologically. Studying reflex interaction, he also showed that activating one reflex often facilitates another, antagonistic one: successive induction, which has since been demonstrated in a wide range of species, from aphids to locusts to dogs and humans. We show a particularly orderly example in zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae; the behavior (locomotion) of larvae is low in dark and intermediate in light, but low in light and substantially higher in dark when dark followed light. A quantitative model of a simple dynamic process is described that readily captures the behavior pattern and the effects of a number of manipulations of lighting conditions.

          • J Jozefowiez, JER Staddon and DT Cerutti.
          • 2009.
          • The Behavioral Economics of Choice and Interval Timing.
          • PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
          • 116:
          • 519-539
          • .
          Publication Description

          We propose a simple behavioral economic model (BEM) describing how reinforcement and interval timing interact. The model assumes a Weber-law-compliant logarithmic representation of time. Associated with each represented time value are the payoffs that have been obtained for each possible response. At a given real time, the response with the highest payoff is emitted. The model accounts for a wide range of data from procedures such as simple bisection, metacognition in animals, economic effects in free-operant psychophysical procedures and paradoxical choice in double-bisection procedures. Although it assumes logarithmic time representation, it can also account for data from the time-left procedure usually cited in support of linear time representation. It encounters some difficulties in complex free-operant choice procedures, such as concurrent mixed fixed-interval schedules as well as some of the data on double bisection, that may involve additional processes. Overall, BEM provides a theoretical framework for understanding how reinforcement and interval timing work together to determine choice between temporally differentiated reinforcers.

          • Jozefowiez, J,, Staddon, J. E. R. & Cerutti, D. T..
          • 2009.
          • Metacognition in animals: how do we know that they know?.
          • Comparative Cognition and Behavior Reviews, 2009.
          • 4:
          • 29-39
          • .
          Publication Description

          Research on animal metacognition has typically used choice discriminations whose difficulty can be varied. Animals are given some opportunity to escape the discrimination task by emitting a so-called uncertain response. The usual claim is that an animal possesses metacognition if (a) the probability of picking the uncertain response increases with task difficulty, and (b) animals are more accurate on “free-choice” trials —i.e., trials where the uncertain response was available but was not chosen—than on “forced-choice” trials, where the uncertain response is unavailable. We describe a simple behavioral economic model (BEM), based on familiar learning principles, and thus lacking any metacognition construct, which is able to meet both criteria in most of these tasks. We conclude that rather than designing ever more complex experiments to identify “metacognition,” a necessarily ill-defined concept, knowledge might better be advanced not by further refining behavioral criteria for the concept, but by the development and testing of theoretical models for the clever behavior that many animals show in these experiments.

          • J. E. R. Staddon.
          • 2009.
          • Faith and Goodness: A reply to Hocutt.
          • 37:
          • 181-185
          • .
          Publication Description

          Professor Hocutt and I agree that David Hume first pointed out that “ought”—what should be done—cannot be derived from “is”—what is the case. Hocutt goes on to claim that “ought,” in fact, derives from factual observation of “what we care about,” which amounts to saying “you should do what you want to do.” This seems to me unsatisfactory as moral philosophy.

          • John Staddon.
          • 2008.
          • Distracting Miss Daisy.
          • The Atlantic
          • 102-104
          • .
          Publication Description

          Why stop signs and speed limits endanger Americans.

          • John Staddon.
          • 2008.
          • Gridlock: Research, teaching, curriculum, and the faculty in the modern university.Review of Whatever Happened to the Faculty? Drift and Decision in Higher Education, by Mary Burgan. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006.
          • Academic Questions
          • 20:
          • 370-381
          • .
          • BS Zanutto and JER Staddon.
          • 2007.
          • Bang-bang control of feeding: Role of hypothalamic and satiety signals (vol 3, pg 924, 2007).
          • PLOS COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY
          • 3:
          • 1149-1149
          • .
          • BS Zanutto and JER Staddon.
          • 2007.
          • Bang-bang control of feeding: Role of hypothalamic and satiety signals.
          • PLOS COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY
          • 3:
          • 924-931
          • .
          Publication Description

          ats, people, and many other omnivores eat in meals rather than continuously. We show by experimental test that eating in meals is regulated by a simple bang-bang control system, an idea foreshadowed by Le Magnen and many others, shown by us to account for a wide range of behavioral data, but never explicitly tested or tied to neurophysiological facts. The hypothesis is simply that the tendency to eat rises with time at a rate determined by satiety signals. When these signals fall below a set point, eating begins, in on–off fashion. The delayed sequelae of eating increment the satiety signals, which eventually turn eating off. Thus, under free conditions, the organism eats in bouts separated by noneating activities. We report an experiment with rats to test novel predictions about meal patterns that are not explained by existing homeostatic approaches. Access to food was systematically but unpredictably interrupted just as the animal tried to start a new meal. A simple bang-bang model fits the resulting meal-pattern data well, and its elements can be identified with neurophysiological processes. Hypothalamic inputs can provide the set point for longer-term regulation carried out by a comparator in the hindbrain. Delayed gustatory and gastrointestinal aftereffects of eating act via the nucleus of the solitary tract and other hindbrain regions as neural feedback governing short-term regulation. In this way, the model forges real links between a functioning feedback mechanism, neuro–hormonal data, and both short-term (meals) and long-term (eating-rate regulation) behavioral data.

          • J. E. R. Staddon, Jozefowiez, J. & Cerutti, D. T..
          • 2007.
          • Staddon, J. E. R., (2007) Metacognition: A Problem not a Process. PsyCrit, April. http://psycrit.com/Articles.
          • PsyCrit
          • .
          Publication Description

          "Metacognition" in animals can be explained by familiar learning principles...

          • JER Staddon and JJ higa.
          • 2006.
          • Interval timing.
          • NATURE REVIEWS NEUROSCIENCE
          • 7:
          • .
          • J Jozefowiez, DT Cerutti and JER Staddon.
          • 2006.
          • Timescale invariance and Weber's law in choice.
          • JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-ANIMAL BEHAVIOR PROCESSES
          • 32:
          • 229-238
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 2005.
          • Interval timing: memory, not a clock.
          • TRENDS IN COGNITIVE SCIENCES
          • 9:
          • 312-314
          • .
          Publication Description

          Interval timing, anticipation of periodic events signalled by a time marker, has been explained by a separate pacemaker-counter clock. But recent theoretical work suggests that memory strength can act as clock. The way that memory strength declines with time can be inferred from the properties of habituation and the same process provides a parsimonious explanation for proportional timing, the Weber-law property and several other proper-ties of interval timing.

          • EA Ludvig and JER Staddon.
          • 2005.
          • The effects of interval duration on temporal tracking and alternation learning.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 83:
          • 243-262
          • .
          • J Jozefowiez, DT Cerutti and JER Staddon.
          • 2005.
          • Timing in choice experiments.
          • JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-ANIMAL BEHAVIOR PROCESSES
          • 31:
          • 213-225
          • .
          • EA Ludvig and JER Staddon.
          • 2004.
          • The conditions for temporal tracking under interval schedules of reinforcement.
          • JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-ANIMAL BEHAVIOR PROCESSES
          • 30:
          • 299-316
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 2004.
          • Response to commentators.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 82:
          • 121-124
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 2004.
          • The old behaviorism: A response to William Baum's of the new behaviorism.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 82:
          • 79-83
          • .
          • DT Cerutti and JER Staddon.
          • 2004.
          • Time and rate measures in choice transitions.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 81:
          • 135-154
          • .
          • DT Cerutti and JER Staddon.
          • 2004.
          • Immediacy versus anticipated delay in the time-left experiment: A test of the cognitive hypothesis.
          • JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-ANIMAL BEHAVIOR PROCESSES
          • 30:
          • 45-57
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 2004.
          • Scientific imperialism and behaviorist epistemology.
          • BEHAVIOR AND PHILOSOPHY
          • 32:
          • 231-242
          • .
          Publication Description

          E. O. Wilson and B. F. Skinner have argued for an evolutionary ethics that allows what ought to be to be derived from what is, ethics from science. But evolution is inherently unpredictable. Some practices whose benefits cannot be proved may nevertheless turn out to be good for the survival of a culture or the race. Others that seem good may turn out to be bad. Consequently the evolutionary argument implies that a successful culture will believe some things that cannot be proved. It also tells us we cannot know in advance what those things will be.

          • Staddon, J. E. R. & Cerutti, D. T..
          • 2003.
          • Operant behavior..
          • Annual Review of Psychology
          • 54:
          • 115-144
          • .
          Publication Description

          Operant behavior is behavior “controlled” by its consequences. In practice operant conditioning is the study of reversible behavior maintained by reinforcement schedules. We review empirical studies and theoretical approaches to two large classes of operant behavior: interval timing and choice. We discuss cognitive vs. behavioral approaches to timing, the “gap” experiment and its implications, proportional timing and Weber’s law, temporal dynamics and linear waiting and the problem of simple chain-interval schedules. We review the long history of research on operant choice: the matching law, its extensions and problems, concurrent chain schedules and self control. We point out how linear waiting may be involved in timing, choice and reinforcement schedules generally. There are prospects for a unified approach to all these areas.

          • JER Staddon and DT Cerutti.
          • 2003.
          • Operant conditioning.
          • ANNUAL REVIEW OF PSYCHOLOGY
          • 54:
          • 115-144
          • .
          • V Dragoi, JER Staddon, RG Palmer and CV Buhusi.
          • 2003.
          • Interval Timing as an Emergent Learning Property.
          • Psychological Review
          • 110:
          • 126-144
          • .
          Publication Description

          Interval timing in operant conditioning is the learned covariation of a temporal dependent measure such as wait time with a temporal independent variable such as fixed-interval duration. The dominant theories of interval timing all incorporate an explicit internal clock, or "pacemaker," despite its lack of independent evidence. The authors propose an alternative, pacemaker-free view that demonstrates that temporal discrimination can be explained by using only 2 assumptions: (a) variation and selection of responses through competition between reinforced behavior and all other, elicited, behaviors and (b) modulation of the strength of response competition by the memory for recent reinforcement. The model departs radically from existing timing models: It shows that temporal learning can emerge from a simple dynamic process that lacks a periodic time reference such as a pacemaker.

          • JER Staddon and DT Cerutti.
          • 2003.
          • Operant behavior.
          • Annual Review of Psychology
          • 54:
          • 115-144
          • .
          • JER Staddon, IM Chelaru and JJ Higa.
          • 2002.
          • Habituation, memory and the brain: the dynamics of interval timing.
          • BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES
          • 57:
          • 71-88
          • .
          Publication Description

          Memory decay is rapid at first and slower later—a feature that accounts for Jost’s memory law: that old memories gain on newer ones with lapse of time. The rate-sensitive property of habituation—that recovery after spaced stimuli may be slower than after massed—provides a clue to the dynamics of memory decay. Rate-sensitive habituation can be modeled by a cascade of thresholded integrator units that have a counterpart in human brain areas identified by magnetic source imaging (MSI). The memory trace component of the multiple-time-scale model for habituation can provide a ‘clock’ that has the properties necessary to account for both static and dynamic properties of interval timing: static proportional and Weber-law timing as well as dynamic tracking of progressive, ‘impulse’ and periodic interval sequences.

          • JER Staddon, IM Chelaru and JJ Higa.
          • 2002.
          • A tuned-trace theory of interval-timing dynamics.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 77:
          • 105-124
          • .
          • JER Staddon, A Machado and O Lourenco.
          • 2001.
          • Plus ca change ... : Jost, Piaget, and the dynamics of embodiment.
          • BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES
          • 24:
          • 63-+
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 2000.
          • Consciousness and theoretical behaviorism.
          • AMERICAN ZOOLOGIST
          • 40:
          • 874-882
          • .
          • JER Staddon and JJ Higa.
          • 1999.
          • The choose-short effect and trace models of timing.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 72:
          • 473-478
          • .
          • LE Talton, JJ Higa and JER Staddon.
          • 1999.
          • Interval schedule performance in the goldfish Carassius auratus.
          • BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES
          • 45:
          • 193-206
          • .
          • JER Staddon and JJ Higa.
          • 1999.
          • Time and memory: Towards a pacemaker-free theory of interval timing.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 71:
          • 215-251
          • .
          Publication Description

          A popular view of interval timing in animals is that it is driven by a discrete pacemaker-accumulator (PA) mechanism that yields a linear scale for encoded time. But PA mechanisms are fundamentally at odds with the Weber-law property of interval timing and experiments supporting linear encoded time can be interpreted in other ways. We argue that the dominant PA theory, scalar expectancy theory (SET), fails to explain some basic properties of operant behavior on interval-timing procedures and can only accommodate a number of discrepancies by modifications and elaborations that raise questions about the entire theory. We propose an alternative that is based on principles of memory dynamics derived from the multiple-time-scale (MTS) model of habituation. The MTS timing model can account for data from a wide variety of time-related experiments: proportional and Weber-law temporal discrimination, transient as well as persistent effects of reinforcement omission and reinforcement magnitude, bisection, the discrimination of relative as well as absolute duration, the choose-short effect and its analogue in number-discrimination experiments. Resemblances between timing and counting are an automatic consequence of the model. We also argue that the transient and persistent effects of drugs on time estimates can be interpreted as well within MTS theory as in SET. Recent real-time physiological data conform in surprising detail to the assumptions of the MTS habituation model. Comparisons between the two views suggest a number of novel experiments.

          See also commentaries by seven other researchers in this issue.

          • JER Staddon, JJ Higa and IM Chelaru.
          • 1999.
          • Time, trace, memory.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 71:
          • 293-301
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1999.
          • Animal rights.
          • SCIENCE
          • 283:
          • 327-327
          • .
          • V Dragoi and JER Staddon.
          • 1999.
          • The dynamics of operant conditioning.
          • PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
          • 106:
          • 20-61
          • .
          • JER Staddon and JJ Higa.
          • 1999.
          • Time and memory: Towards a pacemaker-free theory of interval timing..
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 71:
          • 293-301
          • .
          Publication Description

          A popular view of interval timing in animals is that it is driven by a discrete pacemaker-accumulator (PA) mechanism that yields a linear scale for encoded time. But PA mechanisms are fundamentally at odds with the Weber-law property of interval timing and experiments supporting linear encoded time can be interpreted in other ways. We argue that the dominant PA theory, scalar expectancy theory (SET), fails to explain some basic properties of operant behavior on interval-timing procedures and can only accommodate a number of discrepancies by modifications and elaborations that raise questions about the entire theory. We propose an alternative that is based on principles of memory dynamics derived from the multiple-time-scale (MTS) model of habituation. The MTS timing model can account for data from a wide variety of time-related experiments: proportional and Weber-law temporal discrimination, transient as well as persistent effects of reinforcement omission and reinforcement magnitude, bisection, the discrimination of relative as well as absolute duration, the choose-short effect and its analogue in number-discrimination experiments. Resemblances between timing and counting are an automatic consequence of the model. We also argue that the transient and persistent effects of drugs on time estimates can be interpreted as well within MTS theory as in SET. Recent real-time physiological data conform in surprising detail to the assumptions of the MTS habituation model. Comparisons between the two views suggest a number of novel experiments.

          See also comments from seven other researchers in this issue of JEAB.

          • AK Reid and JER Staddon.
          • 1998.
          • A dynamic route finder for the cognitive map.
          • PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
          • 105:
          • 585-601
          • .
          • A Reid and JER Staddon.
          • 1998.
          • A dynamic route-finder for the cognitive map.
          • Psychological Review
          • 105:
          • 385-601
          • .
          • AK Reid and JER Staddon.
          • 1997.
          • A reader for the cognitive map.
          • INFORMATION SCIENCES
          • 100:
          • 217-228
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1997.
          • Theory and behavior analysis: Commentary on Donahoe, Palmer, and Burgos.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 67:
          • 245-246
          • .
          • K Manabe, JER Staddon and JM Cleaveland.
          • 1997.
          • Control of vocal repertoire by reward in budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus).
          • JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE PSYCHOLOGY
          • 111:
          • 50-62
          • .
          • JM Horner, JER Staddon and KK Lozano.
          • 1997.
          • Integration of reinforcement effects over time.
          • ANIMAL LEARNING & BEHAVIOR
          • 25:
          • 84-98
          • .
          • E Gelenbe, N Schmajuk, J Staddon and J Reif.
          • 1997.
          • Autonomous search by robots and animals: A survey.
          • Robotics and Autonomous Systems
          • 22:
          • 23-34
          • .
          Publication Description

          This paper is a survey of research on autonomous search strategies which originate in engineering and biology. Our motivation is to identify methods of search in an essentially two-dimensional Euclidean space, which can be applied to the area of demining. Such search strategies are based on spatio-temporal distributions. These distributions may be known in advance, because of prior intelligence or through the use of remote sensing, or they may be the result of on-line gathering of information as the search progresses, or of both. We first review the literature on search and coordination which emanates from the field of robotics, we then summarize significant research in the field of animal search, and also discuss relevant results in robotics which are inspired by animal behavior.

          • JER Staddon and R Zayan.
          • 1996.
          • Untitled.
          • BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES
          • 38:
          • 203-203
          • .
          • JER Staddon and JJ Higa.
          • 1996.
          • Multiple time scales in simple habituation.
          • PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
          • 103:
          • 720-733
          • .
          • CDL Wynne, JER Staddon and JD Delius.
          • 1996.
          • Dynamics of waiting in pigeons.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 65:
          • 603-618
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1996.
          • The dynamics of memory in animal learning.
          • INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY
          • 31:
          • 5611-5611
          • .
          • K MANABE, T KAWASHIMA and J STADDON.
          • 1995.
          • DIFFERENTIAL LOCALIZATION IN BUDGERIGARS - TOWARDS AN EXPERIMENTAL-ANALYSIS OF NAMING.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 63:
          • 111-126
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1995.
          • AAUP AND POLITICS.
          • ACADEME-BULLETIN OF THE AAUP
          • 81:
          • 5-5
          • .
          • J DELIUS, M AMELING, S LEA and J STADDON.
          • 1995.
          • REINFORCEMENT CONCORDANCE INDUCES AND MAINTAINS STIMULUS ASSOCIATIONS IN PIGEONS.
          • PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD
          • 45:
          • 283-297
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1995.
          • Combinaciones de programas y elección: experimentos y teoria.
          • Revista Mexicana de Análisis de la Conducta
          • 21:
          • 169-281
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1995.
          • Schedule combinations and choice: experiment and theory.
          • Mexican Journal of Behavior Analysis
          • 21:
          • 163-274
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1993.
          • THE CONVENTIONAL WISDOM OF BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 60:
          • 439-447
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1993.
          • THE CONVENTIONAL WISDOM OF BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS - RESPONSE TO COMMENTS.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 60:
          • 489-494
          • .
          • N INNIS, S MITCHELL and J STADDON.
          • 1993.
          • TEMPORAL CONTROL ON INTERVAL SCHEDULES - WHAT DETERMINES THE POSTREINFORCEMENT PAUSE.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 60:
          • 293-311
          • .
          • J HIGA, J THAW and J STADDON.
          • 1993.
          • PIGEONS WAIT-TIME RESPONSES TO TRANSITIONS IN INTERFOOD-INTERVAL DURATION - ANOTHER LOOK AT CYCLIC SCHEDULE PERFORMANCE.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 59:
          • 529-541
          • .
          • DG Davis, JE Staddon, A Machado and RG Palmer.
          • 1993.
          • The process of recurrent choice..
          • Psychol Rev
          • 100:
          • 320-341
          • .
          Publication Description

          Recurrent choice has been studied for many years. A static law, matching, has been established, but there is no consensus on the underlying dynamic process. The authors distinguish between dynamic models in which the model state is identified with directly measurable behavioral properties (performance models) and models in which the relation between behavior and state is indirect (state models). Most popular dynamic choice models are local, performance models. The authors show that behavior in different types of discrimination-reversal experiments and in extinction is not explained by 2 versions of a popular local model and that the nonlocal cumulative-effects model is consistent with matching and that it can duplicate the major properties of recurrent choice in a set of discrimination-reversal experiments. The model can also duplicate results from several other experiments on extinction after complex discrimination training.

          • J HIGA and J STADDON.
          • 1993.
          • TRANSITIVE INFERENCE IN MULTIPLE CONDITIONAL DISCRIMINATIONS.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 59:
          • 265-291
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1993.
          • PEPPER WITH A PINCH OF PSALT.
          • BEHAVIOR ANALYST
          • 16:
          • 245-250
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1993.
          • On rate-sensitive habituation.
          • Adaptive Behavior
          • 1:
          • 421-436
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1992.
          • THE SUPERSTITION EXPERIMENT - A REVERSIBLE FIGURE.
          • JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-GENERAL
          • 121:
          • 270-272
          • .
          • C WYNNE, J STADDON and L VONFERSEN.
          • 1992.
          • PIGEONS INFERENCES ARE TRANSITIVE AND THE OUTCOME OF ELEMENTARY CONDITIONING PRINCIPLES - A RESPONSE.
          • JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-ANIMAL BEHAVIOR PROCESSES
          • 18:
          • 313-315
          • .
          • C WYNNE and J STADDON.
          • 1992.
          • WAITING IN PIGEONS - THE EFFECTS OF DAILY INTERCALATION ON TEMPORAL DISCRIMINATION.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 58:
          • 47-66
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1992.
          • RATIONALITY, MELIORATION, AND LAW-OF-EFFECT MODELS FOR CHOICE.
          • PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE
          • 3:
          • 136-141
          • .
          • A KOHN, W KOHN and J STADDON.
          • 1992.
          • PREFERENCES FOR CONSTANT DURATION DELAYS AND CONSTANT SIZED REWARDS IN HUMAN-SUBJECTS.
          • BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES
          • 26:
          • 125-142
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1992.
          • BEHAVIORISM - EDSEL, OR CAR OF THE FUTURE.
          • INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY
          • 27:
          • 519-519
          • .
          • C WYNNE and J STADDON.
          • 1991.
          • INTRASESSION DYNAMICS OF WAITING IN PIGEONS.
          • BULLETIN OF THE PSYCHONOMIC SOCIETY
          • 29:
          • 487-487
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1991.
          • SELECTIVE CHOICE - A COMMENTARY ON HERRNSTEIN (1990).
          • AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGIST
          • 46:
          • 793-797
          • .
          • L VONFERSEN, C WYNNE, J DELIUS and J STADDON.
          • 1991.
          • TRANSITIVE INFERENCE FORMATION IN PIGEONS.
          • JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-ANIMAL BEHAVIOR PROCESSES
          • 17:
          • 334-341
          • .
          • J HIGA, C WYNNE and J STADDON.
          • 1991.
          • DYNAMICS OF TIME DISCRIMINATION.
          • JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-ANIMAL BEHAVIOR PROCESSES
          • 17:
          • 281-291
          • .
          • J STADDON and J BUENO.
          • 1991.
          • ON MODELS, BEHAVIORISM AND THE NEURAL BASIS OF LEARNING.
          • PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE
          • 2:
          • 3-11
          • .
          • J STADDON, C WYNNE and J HIGA.
          • 1991.
          • THE ROLE OF TIMING IN REINFORCEMENT SCHEDULE PERFORMANCE.
          • LEARNING AND MOTIVATION
          • 22:
          • 200-225
          • .
          • L VONFERSEN, C WYNNE, J DELIUS and J STADDON.
          • 1990.
          • DEDUCTIVE REASONING IN PIGEONS.
          • NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN
          • 77:
          • 548-549
          • .
          • J STADDON and A REID.
          • 1990.
          • ON THE DYNAMICS OF GENERALIZATION.
          • PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
          • 97:
          • 576-578
          • .
          • J STADDON and Y ZHANG.
          • 1989.
          • RESPONSE SELECTION IN OPERANT LEARNING.
          • BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES
          • 20:
          • 189-197
          • .
          • J STADDON and D DAVIS.
          • 1989.
          • LONG-TERM AND SHORT-TERM-MEMORY IN DISCRIMINATION-REVERSAL PERFORMANCE.
          • BULLETIN OF THE PSYCHONOMIC SOCIETY
          • 27:
          • 509-509
          • .
          • J STADDON and J HORNER.
          • 1989.
          • STOCHASTIC CHOICE MODELS - A COMPARISON BETWEEN BUSH-MOSTELLER AND A SOURCE-INDEPENDENT REWARD-FOLLOWING MODEL.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 52:
          • 57-64
          • .
          • NK Innis and JER Staddon.
          • 1989.
          • What should comparative psychology compare?.
          • International Journal of Comparative Psychology
          • 2:
          • 145-156
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1988.
          • A RECURSIVE THEORY FOR PERFORMANCE ON REINFORCEMENT SCHEDULES.
          • BULLETIN OF THE PSYCHONOMIC SOCIETY
          • 26:
          • 497-497
          • .
          • C WYNNE and J STADDON.
          • 1988.
          • TYPICAL DELAY DETERMINES WAITING TIME ON PERIODIC-FOOD SCHEDULES - STATIC AND DYNAMIC TESTS.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 50:
          • 197-210
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1988.
          • ON THE PROCESS OF REINFORCEMENT.
          • BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES
          • 11:
          • 467-469
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1988.
          • QUASI-DYNAMIC CHOICE MODELS - MELIORATION AND RATIO INVARIANCE.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 49:
          • 303-320
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1988.
          • Trial-and-error learning as a scheduling problem.
          • Proceedings of the Fourth Annual AAAIC Conference
          • 2:
          • 295-303
          • .
          • R ETTINGER, A REID and J STADDON.
          • 1987.
          • SENSITIVITY TO MOLAR FEEDBACK FUNCTIONS - A TEST OF MOLAR OPTIMALITY THEORY.
          • JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-ANIMAL BEHAVIOR PROCESSES
          • 13:
          • 366-375
          • .
          • C WYNNE and J STADDON.
          • 1987.
          • LINEAR WAITING - A SIMPLE RULE FOR BEHAVIOR IN PERIODIC FOOD SITUATIONS.
          • BULLETIN OF THE PSYCHONOMIC SOCIETY
          • 25:
          • 351-351
          • .
          • A REID and J STADDON.
          • 1987.
          • WITHIN-SESSION MEAL-SIZE EFFECTS ON INDUCED DRINKING.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 48:
          • 289-301
          • .
          • J HORNER and J STADDON.
          • 1987.
          • PROBABILISTIC CHOICE - A SIMPLE INVARIANCE.
          • BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES
          • 15:
          • 59-92
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1987.
          • SCIENCE AND PSEUDOSCIENCE.
          • INTERDISCIPLINARY SCIENCE REVIEWS
          • 12:
          • 114-116
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1986.
          • EQUALIZATION, MAXIMIZATION AND FOLLOW-UP OF REWARD SCHEDULES.
          • REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE PSICOLOGIA
          • 18:
          • 367-386
          • .
          • R ETTINGER, S THOMPSON and J STADDON.
          • 1986.
          • CHOLECYSTOKININ, DIET PALATABILITY, AND FEEDING REGULATION IN RATS.
          • PHYSIOLOGY & BEHAVIOR
          • 36:
          • 801-809
          • .
          • RH Ettinger, S Thompson and JER Staddon.
          • 1986.
          • Cholecystokinin, lithium chloride, and feeding regulation in rats.
          • Physiology and Behavior
          • 36:
          • 801-809
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1986.
          • Igualación, maximización y seguimiento de la recompensa.
          • Revista Latinamericana Psicologia
          • 18:
          • 367-386
          • .
          • J HORNER and J STADDON.
          • 1985.
          • CHOICE ON PROBABILISTIC SCHEDULES - A REWARD-FOLLOWING ANALYSIS.
          • BULLETIN OF THE PSYCHONOMIC SOCIETY
          • 23:
          • 304-304
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1984.
          • STATIC AND DYNAMIC COMPETITION.
          • BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES
          • 9:
          • 98-99
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1984.
          • TIME AND MEMORY.
          • ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
          • 423:
          • 322-334
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1984.
          • SOCIAL-LEARNING THEORY AND THE DYNAMICS OF INTERACTION.
          • PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
          • 91:
          • 502-507
          • .
          • R GENDRON and J STADDON.
          • 1984.
          • A LABORATORY SIMULATION OF FORAGING BEHAVIOR - THE EFFECT OF SEARCH RATE ON THE PROBABILITY OF DETECTING PREY.
          • AMERICAN NATURALIST
          • 124:
          • 407-415
          • .
          • J HINSON and J STADDON.
          • 1983.
          • HILL-CLIMBING BY PIGEONS.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 39:
          • 25-47
          • .
          • J HINSON and J STADDON.
          • 1983.
          • MATCHING, MAXIMIZING, AND HILL-CLIMBING.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 40:
          • 321-331
          • .
          • R ETTINGER and J STADDON.
          • 1983.
          • OPERANT REGULATION OF FEEDING - A STATIC ANALYSIS.
          • BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE
          • 97:
          • 639-653
          • .
          • R GENDRON and J STADDON.
          • 1983.
          • SEARCHING FOR CRYPTIC PREY - THE EFFECT OF SEARCH RATE.
          • AMERICAN NATURALIST
          • 121:
          • 172-186
          • .
          • J STADDON and R GENDRON.
          • 1983.
          • OPTIMAL DETECTION OF CRYPTIC PREY MAY LEAD TO PREDATOR SWITCHING.
          • AMERICAN NATURALIST
          • 122:
          • 843-848
          • .
          • J STADDON and J HINSON.
          • 1983.
          • OPTIMIZATION - A RESULT OR A MECHANISM.
          • SCIENCE
          • 221:
          • 976-977
          • .
          • N INNIS, V SIMMELHAGGRANT and J STADDON.
          • 1983.
          • BEHAVIOR INDUCED BY PERIODIC FOOD DELIVERY - THE EFFECTS OF INTERFOOD INTERVAL.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 39:
          • 309-322
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1983.
          • Sobre a nocão de causa: aplicacões ao caso do Behaviorismo.
          • . Cadernos de História e Filosofia da Ciência
          • 4:
          • 48-92
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1982.
          • THE NEW WORLD OF ECONOMICS - EXPLORATIONS INTO THE HUMAN-EXPERIENCE - MCKENZIE,RB, TULLOCK,GG.
          • BEHAVIOUR ANALYSIS LETTERS
          • 2:
          • 62-64
          • .
          • R ETTINGER and J STADDON.
          • 1982.
          • BEHAVIORAL COMPETITION, COMPONENT DURATION AND MULTIPLE-SCHEDULE CONTRAST.
          • BEHAVIOUR ANALYSIS LETTERS
          • 2:
          • 31-38
          • .
          • R ETTINGER and J STADDON.
          • 1982.
          • DECREASED FEEDING ASSOCIATED WITH ACUTE-HYPOXIA IN RATS.
          • PHYSIOLOGY & BEHAVIOR
          • 29:
          • 455-458
          • .
          • A REID and J STADDON.
          • 1982.
          • SCHEDULE-INDUCED DRINKING - ELICITATION, ANTICIPATION, OR BEHAVIORAL INTERACTION.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 38:
          • 1-18
          • .
          • B STARR and J STADDON.
          • 1982.
          • SENSORY SUPERSTITION ON MULTIPLE INTERVAL SCHEDULES.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 37:
          • 267-280
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1981.
          • CITATION CLASSIC - THE SUPERSTITION EXPERIMENT - A REEXAMINATION OF ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR THE PRINCIPLES OF ADAPTIVE-BEHAVIOR.
          • CURRENT CONTENTS/SOCIAL & BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES
          • 20-20
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1981.
          • COGNITION IN ANIMALS - LEARNING AS PROGRAM ASSEMBLY.
          • COGNITION
          • 10:
          • 287-294
          • .
          • J HINSON and J STADDON.
          • 1981.
          • SOME TEMPORAL PROPERTIES OF LOCAL CONTRAST.
          • BEHAVIOUR ANALYSIS LETTERS
          • 1:
          • 275-281
          • .
          • A HOUSTON and J STADDON.
          • 1981.
          • OPTIMALITY PRINCIPLES AND BEHAVIOR - ITS ALL FOR THE BEST.
          • BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES
          • 4:
          • 395-396
          • .
          • A KING, M WEST, D EASTZER and J STADDON.
          • 1981.
          • AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF THE BIOACOUSTICS OF COWBIRD SONG.
          • BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY AND SOCIOBIOLOGY
          • 9:
          • 211-217
          • .
          • J STADDON, J HINSON and R KRAM.
          • 1981.
          • OPTIMAL CHOICE.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 35:
          • 397-412
          • .
          • C BLAINE, N INNIS and J STADDON.
          • 1980.
          • STIMULUS-CONTROL OF BEHAVIOR INDUCED BY A PERIODIC SCHEDULE OF FOOD PRESENTATION IN PIGEONS.
          • BULLETIN OF THE PSYCHONOMIC SOCIETY
          • 16:
          • 131-134
          • .
          • C Blaine, NK Innis and JER Staddon.
          • 1980.
          • Stimulus control of behavior induced by a schedule of periodic food presentation in pigeons.
          • Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society
          • 16:
          • 131-134
          • .
          • J STADDON, M KING and G LOCKHEAD.
          • 1980.
          • ON SEQUENTIAL EFFECTS IN ABSOLUTE JUDGMENT EXPERIMENTS.
          • JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE
          • 6:
          • 290-301
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1979.
          • CONSERVATION IN BEHAVIOR - COMMENT.
          • JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-GENERAL
          • 108:
          • 35-40
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1979.
          • CORRECTION.
          • PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
          • 86:
          • 156-156
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1979.
          • CONSERVATION AND CONSEQUENCES - THEORIES OF BEHAVIOR UNDER CONSTRAINT - OVERVIEW.
          • JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-GENERAL
          • 108:
          • 1-3
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1979.
          • OPERANT-BEHAVIOR AS ADAPTATION TO CONSTRAINT.
          • JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-GENERAL
          • 108:
          • 48-67
          • .
          • J STADDON and S MOTHERAL.
          • 1979.
          • RESPONSE INDEPENDENCE, MATCHING, AND MAXIMIZING - REPLY.
          • PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
          • 86:
          • 501-505
          • .
          • M WEST, A KING, D EASTZER and J STADDON.
          • 1979.
          • BIOASSAY OF ISOLATE COWBIRD SONG.
          • JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE AND PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY
          • 93:
          • 124-133
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1978.
          • THEORY OF BEHAVIORAL POWER FUNCTIONS.
          • PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
          • 85:
          • 305-320
          • .
          • J HINSON and J STADDON.
          • 1978.
          • BEHAVIORAL COMPETITION - MECHANISM FOR SCHEDULE INTERACTIONS.
          • SCIENCE
          • 202:
          • 432-434
          • .
          • JER Staddon and S Motheral.
          • 1978.
          • On matching and maximizing in operant choice experiments.
          • Psychological Review
          • 85:
          • 436-444
          • .
          • J STADDON, L MCGEORGE, R BRUCE and F KLEIN.
          • 1978.
          • SIMPLE METHOD FOR THE RAPID ANALYSIS OF ANIMAL SOUNDS.
          • ZEITSCHRIFT FUR TIERPSYCHOLOGIE-JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE ETHOLOGY
          • 48:
          • 306-330
          • .
          • J STADDON and S MOTHERAL.
          • 1978.
          • MATCHING AND MAXIMIZING IN OPERANT CHOICE EXPERIMENTS.
          • PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
          • 85:
          • 436-444
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1977.
          • Temporal fine structure of bird song.
          • Proceedings of the XVth International Ethological Conference
          • 156
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1977.
          • HERRNSTEINS EQUATION AND RELATED FORMS.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 28:
          • 163-170
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1975.
          • LIMITATIONS ON TEMPORAL CONTROL - GENERALIZATION AND EFFECTS OF CONTEXT.
          • BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY
          • 66:
          • 229-246
          • .
          • J STADDON and S AYRES.
          • 1975.
          • SEQUENTIAL AND TEMPORAL PROPERTIES OF BEHAVIOR INDUCED BY A SCHEDULE OF PERIODIC FOOD DELIVERY.
          • BEHAVIOUR
          • 54:
          • 26-49
          • .
          • J STADDON and J FRANK.
          • 1975.
          • ROLE OF PECK-FOOD CONTINGENCY ON FIXED-INTERVAL SCHEDULES.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 23:
          • 17-23
          • .
          • J STADDON and J FRANK.
          • 1975.
          • TEMPORAL CONTROL ON PERIODIC SCHEDULES - FINE-STRUCTURE.
          • BULLETIN OF THE PSYCHONOMIC SOCIETY
          • 6:
          • 536-538
          • .
          • J KELLO, N INNIS and J STADDON.
          • 1975.
          • ECCENTRIC STIMULI ON MULTIPLE FIXED-INTERVAL SCHEDULES.
          • JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR
          • 23:
          • 233-240
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1974.
          • Temporal control, attention and memory.
          • Psychological Review
          • 81:
          • 375-391
          • .
          • J Frank and JER Staddon.
          • 1974.
          • The effects of restraint on temporal discrimination behavior.
          • Psychological Record
          • 23:
          • 123-130
          • .
          • JE Kello and JER Staddon.
          • 1974.
          • Control of long-interval performance on mixed cyclic- interval schedules.
          • Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society
          • 4:
          • 1-4
          • .
          • JER Staddon and J Frank.
          • 1974.
          • Mechanisms of discrimination reversal.
          • Animal Behaviour
          • 22:
          • 802-828
          • .
          • B Starr and JER Staddon.
          • 1974.
          • Temporal control on fixed-interval schedules: Signal properties of reinforcement and blackout.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 22:
          • 535-545
          • .
          • JC Malone and JER Staddon.
          • 1973.
          • Contrast effects in maintained generalization gradients.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 19:
          • 167-179
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1972.
          • A note on the analysis of behavioral sequences in Columba livia.
          • Animal Behaviour
          • 20:
          • 284-292
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1972.
          • Reinforcement omission on temporal go–no-go schedules.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 18:
          • 223-229
          • .
          • NK Innis and JER Staddon.
          • 1971.
          • Temporal tracking on cyclic-interval reinforcement schedules.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 16:
          • 411-423
          • .
          • JER Staddon and V Simmelhag.
          • 1971.
          • The “superstition” experiment: A reexamination of its implications for the principles of adaptive behavior.
          • Psychological Review
          • 78:
          • 3-43
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1970.
          • Effect of reinforcement duration on fixed-interval responding..
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 13:
          • 9-11
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1970.
          • Temporal effects of reinforcement: A negative “frustration” effect.
          • Learning and Motivation
          • 1:
          • 227-247
          • .
          • NK Innis and JER Staddon.
          • 1970.
          • Sequential effects in cyclic-interval schedules.
          • Psychonomic Science
          • 19:
          • 313-315
          • .
          • JER Staddon and V Simmelhag.
          • 1970.
          • “Superstitious” sequences.
          • Proceedings of the 78th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association
          • 757-758
          • .
          • NK Innis and JER Staddon.
          • 1969.
          • Scopolamine and reinforcement omission on fixed-interval schedules.
          • Psychonomic Science
          • 14:
          • 43-45
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1969.
          • The effect of informative feedback on temporal tracking in the pigeon.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 12:
          • 27-38
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1969.
          • Multiple fixed-interval schedules: Transient contrast and temporal inhibition.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 12:
          • 583-590
          • .
          • JER Staddon and NK Innis.
          • 1969.
          • Reinforcement omission on fixed-interval schedules.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 12:
          • 689-700
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1968.
          • Spaced responding and choice: A preliminary analysis.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 11:
          • 669-682
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1967.
          • Attention and temporal discrimination: Factors controlling responding under a cyclic-interval schedule.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 10:
          • 349-359
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1967.
          • Asymptotic behavior: The concept of the operant.
          • Psychological Review
          • 74:
          • 377-391
          • .
          • JER Staddon and NK Innis.
          • 1966.
          • An effect analogous to “frustration” on interval reinforcement schedules.
          • Psychonomic Science,
          • 4:
          • 287-288
          • .
          • JER Staddon and NK Innis.
          • 1966.
          • Preference for fixed vs. variable amounts of reward.
          • Psychonomic Science
          • 4:
          • 193-194
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1965.
          • Some properties of spaced responding in pigeons.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 8:
          • 19-27
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1964.
          • Reinforcement as input: Cyclic variable-interval schedule.
          • Science
          • 145:
          • 410-412
          • .
      • Books

          • JER Staddon.
          • 2016.
          • Unlucky Strike: Private Health and the Science, Law and Politics of Smoking. Buckingham, UK: University of Buckingham Press..
          • JER Staddon.
          • 2016.
          • Staddon, John The Malign Hand of the Markets. McGraw-Hill, 2012..
          • JER Staddon.
          • 2016.
          • Staddon, John (2014) The New Behaviorism (2nd edition) Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press..
          • J. E. R. Staddon.
          • 2010.
          • Adaptive behavior and learning..
          • Cambridge University Press. New (updated internet edition).
          • Staddon, J. E. R..
          • 2003.
          • Adaptive behavior and learning..
          Publication Description

          psychweb.psych.duke.edu/department/jers/abl/TableC.htm

          • J. E. R. Staddon.
          • 2003.
          • Adaptive Behavior and Learning.
          • Internet Edition.
          • Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 2001.
          • The New Behaviorism: Mind, Mechanism and Society.
          • Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.
          • xiii, 1-211 p.
          • Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 2001.
          • Adaptive Dynamics: The Theoretical Analysis of Behavior.
          • Cambridge, MA: MIT/Bradford.
          • xiv, 1-423 p.
          • J. Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1993.
          • Behaviorism: Mind, Mechanism and Society.
          • London: Duckworth.
          • 1-128 p.
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Ettinger, R. H.
          • 1989.
          • Learning: An introduction to the principles of adaptive behavior.
          • San Diego: Harcourt-Brace-Jovanovich.
          • i-ix, 1-436 p.
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1983.
          • Adaptive behavior and learning.
          • New York: Cambridge University Press.
          • xiii, 1-555 p.
      • Chapters in Books

          • John Staddon.
          • 2008.
          • Epilogue.
          • 389-390
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 2007.
          • Is animal learning optimal?.
          • Constructal Theory of Social Dynamics
          • 161-167
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 2003.
          • Humanism and Skinner's radical behaviorism.
          • BEHAVIOR THEORY AND PHILOSOPHY
          • 129-146
          • .
          • DL Cerutti, IM Chelaru and JER Staddon.
          • 2001.
          • Detecting mine-like targets: Synergistic effects of correlated and uncorrelated sensor channels.
          • DETECTION AND REMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR MINES AND MINELIKE TARGETS VI, PTS 1 AND 2
          • 4394:
          • 859-867
          • .
          • DT Cerutti, IM Chelaru and JER Staddon.
          • 2000.
          • Detecting hidden targets: A procedure for studying performance in a mine-detection-like task.
          • DETECTION AND REMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR MINES AND MINELIKE TARGETS V, PTS 1 AND 2
          • 4038:
          • 102-109
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1999.
          • On responsibility in science and law.
          • 146-174
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1999.
          • Theoretical Behaviorism.
          • 217-241
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R. & I.M. Chelaru.
          • 1998.
          • Diffusion-based guidance systems for autonomous agents.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R. & Zanutto, B.S..
          • 1998.
          • In praise of parsimony.
          • .
          • JER Staddon and IM Chelaru.
          • 1998.
          • A diffusion-based guidance system for autonomous agents.
          • APPLICATIONS AND SCIENCE OF COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE
          • 3390:
          • 404-411
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1998.
          • The dynamics of memory in animal learning.
          • ADVANCES IN PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE, VOL 2
          • 259-274
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R. & Zanutto, B.S.
          • 1997.
          • Feeding dynamics: why rats eat in meals and what this means for foraging and feeding regulation.
          • .
          • Higa, J.J., & Staddon, J.E.R..
          • 1997.
          • Dynamic models of rapid temporal control in animals.
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1997.
          • Why behaviorism needs internal states.
          • INVESTIGATIONS IN BEHAVIORAL EPISTEMOLOGY
          • 107-119
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1994.
          • Verstärkungsverzögerung und Wahl.
          • 208-233
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1994.
          • Optimierungs-Analysen des operanten Verhaltens.
          • 179-207
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1994.
          • Ketten-programme und konditionierte Verstärkung.
          • 167-178
          • .
          • V DRAGOI and J STADDON.
          • 1994.
          • A COMPETITIVE NEURAL-NETWORK MODEL FOR THE PROCESS OF RECURRENT CHOICE.
          • PROCEEDINGS OF THE 1993 CONNECTIONIST MODELS SUMMER SCHOOL
          • 65-72
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1993.
          • A NOTE ON RATE-SENSITIVE HABITUATION.
          • FROM ANIMALS TO ANIMATS 2
          • 203-207
          • .
          • J STADDON and J HIGA.
          • 1991.
          • TEMPORAL LEARNING.
          • PSYCHOLOGY OF LEARNING AND MOTIVATION-ADVANCES IN RESEARCH AND THEORY
          • 27:
          • 265-294
          • .
          • D DAVIS and J STADDON.
          • 1990.
          • MEMORY FOR REWARD IN PROBABILISTIC CHOICE - MARKOVIAN AND NON-MARKOVIAN PROPERTIES.
          • BEHAVIOUR
          • 114:
          • 37-64
          • .
          • Reid, A. K., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1990.
          • Mechanisms of schedule entrainment.
          • .
          • J STADDON and Y ZHANG.
          • 1990.
          • ON THE ASSIGNMENT-OF-CREDIT PROBLEM IN OPERANT LEARNING.
          • IJCNN-90-WASH DC : INTERNATIONAL JOINT CONFERENCE ON NEURAL NETWORKS, VOLS 1 AND 2
          • A122-A125
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1988.
          • Animal psychology: The tyranny of anthropocentrism.
          • 123-135
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1988.
          • Learning as inference.
          • 59-77
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1987.
          • Optimality theory and behavior.
          • 179-198
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R. & Reid, A. K.
          • 1987.
          • Adaptation to reward.
          • 497-523
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1987.
          • Principles of database management.
          • 55-81
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1985.
          • The comparative psychology of operant behavior.
          • 83-94
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1985.
          • Inference, memory and representation.
          • 287-295
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1984.
          • On discrimination.
          • .
          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Gendron, R. P.
          • 1983.
          • Search image and the optimal detection of cryptic prey.
          • 269
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1982.
          • Behavioral competition, contrast, and matching.
          • 243- 261
          • .
          • Hinson, J. M. & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1981.
          • Maximizing on interval schedules.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1981.
          • Reinforcement schedules.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1981.
          • Operant behavior.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1981.
          • On a possible relation between cultural transmission and genetical evolution.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1980.
          • Obesity and the operant regulation of feeding.
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 1980.
          • Optimality Analyses of Operant Behavior and their Relation to Optimal Foraging.
          • manual
          • 101-141
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1977.
          • Schedule-induced behavior.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1977.
          • Behavioral competition in conditioning situations: Notes toward a theory of generalization and inhibition.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1975.
          • Learning as adaptation.
          • 2:
          • 37-98
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1972.
          • Temporal control and the theory of reinforcement schedules.
          • 209-262
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1969.
          • Reinforcement omission and contrast on fixed- interval schedules.
          • .
      • Commentaries/Book Reviews

          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 2004.
          • Review of The myth of ownership: taxes and justice.
          • Society
          • 41:
          • 90-92
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 2004.
          • Scientific Imperialism and Behaviorist Epistemology.
          • Behavior and Philosophy
          • 32:
          • 231-242
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 2004.
          • The future.
          • Behavior and Philosophy
          • 32:
          • 243-245
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 2004.
          • A call to arms.
          • BEHAVIOR ANALYST
          • 27:
          • 117-118
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 2002.
          • Memories of Memorial Hall.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 77:
          • 392
          • .
          • JER Staddon.
          • 2002.
          • Up close: Impersonal.
          • BEHAVIOR ANALYST
          • 25:
          • 121-122
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 2001.
          • The Trouble with Stanley...A Review of The Trouble with Principle by Stanley Fish.
          • Behavior and Philosophy
          • 29:
          • 63-74
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 2001.
          • Science as Politics by Other Means: Fact and Analysis in an Ethical World.
          • Behavior & Philosophy
          • 29:
          • i-iii
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1999.
          • On Responsibility in Science and Law.
          • Social Philosophy and Policy
          • 16:
          • 146-174
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1998.
          • Instinct and the operant (Editorial).
          • Behavior and Philosophy
          • 26:
          • 1-2
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1997.
          • Creativity is first criterion.
          • Journal of NIH Research (Advise and Dissent)
          • 13:
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1997.
          • Who should pay for science? Essay review of The Economic Laws of Scientific Research by T. Kealey.
          • Reason
          • 64-65
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1997.
          • Theory and behavior analysis: comment on The S-R Issue: Its status in behavior analysis and in Donahoe and Palmer's Learning and Complex Behavior.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 67:
          • 245-246
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1996.
          • Freedom from fear?.
          • The Oxford American
          • 103-106
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1995.
          • On responsibility and punishment.
          • The Atlantic Monthly
          • 88-94
          • .
          • J STADDON, D DAVIS, A MACHADO and R PALMER.
          • 1994.
          • CUMULATIVE EFFECTS MODEL - RESPONSE.
          • PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
          • 101:
          • 708-710
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1994.
          • Review of B. F. Skinner: A life by D. W. Bjork and B. F. Skinner: A reappraisal, by M. N. Richelle.
          • American Scientist
          • 82:
          • 584-585
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1993.
          • Pepper with a pinch of psalt: A comment on Contextualistic Mechanism or Mechanistic Contextualism.
          • The Behavior Analyst
          • 16:
          • 245-250
          • .
          • 'Group, L. A. B.'.
          • 1992.
          • Omnium Skinnerium: everything you ever wanted to know about the experimental analysis of behavior. Collective review of Experimental Analysis of Behavior, (I. H. Iversen & K. A. Lattal, Eds.).
          • Behavioural Processes
          • xx:
          • 209-217
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1992.
          • Review of Bionomics: The inevitability of capitalism, by Michael Rothschild (New York: Henry Holt, 1990).
          • Quarterly Review of Biology
          • 67:
          • 95-96
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1991.
          • “The distemper of learning...” A review of S. B. Klein and R. R. Mowrer (Eds.) Contemporary Learning Theories: Instrumental Conditioning Theory and the Impact of Biological Constraints on Learning.
          • Contemporary Psychology
          • 36:
          • 506-507
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1989.
          • QUANTITATIVE-ANALYSES OF BEHAVIOR - FORAGING, VOL 6 - COMMONS,ML, KACELNIK,A, SHETTLEWORTH,SJ.
          • CONTEMPORARY PSYCHOLOGY
          • 34:
          • 682-683
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1988.
          • THE FUNCTIONAL-PROPERTIES OF FEEDING, OR WHY WE STILL NEED THE BLACK-BOX.
          • APPETITE
          • 11:
          • 54-61
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1987.
          • VEHICLES - BRAITENBERG,V.
          • BEHAVIORISM
          • 15:
          • 63-66
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1986.
          • Review of Issues in the Ecological Study of Learning. Edited by T. D. Johnston, & A. T. Pietrewicz. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum. (1985).
          • Animal Behaviour
          • 34:
          • 304
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1985.
          • Review of The Evolution of Operant Learning and Memory, by W. F. Angermeier. Basel: S. Karger, 1984.
          • Quarterly Review of Biology
          • 60:
          • 114-115
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1985.
          • BEHAVIORAL ECONOMICS - ALLISON,J.
          • CONTEMPORARY PSYCHOLOGY
          • 30:
          • 465-466
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1984.
          • REINFORCEMENT IS THE PROBLEM, NOT THE SOLUTION - VARIATION AND SELECTION OF BEHAVIOR.
          • BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES
          • 7:
          • 697-699
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1984.
          • ITS ALL A GAME.
          • BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES
          • 7:
          • 116-117
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1984.
          • SKINNER BEHAVIORISM IMPLIES A SUBCUTANEOUS HOMUNCULUS.
          • BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES
          • 7:
          • 647-647
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1983.
          • PREDICTABILITY, CORRELATION, AND CONTIGUITY, VOL 2, ADVANCES IN ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR - HARZEM,P, ZEILER,MD.
          • CONTEMPORARY PSYCHOLOGY
          • 28:
          • 121-123
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1983.
          • NEBRASKA SYMPOSIUM ON MOTIVATION 1981, VOL 29, RESPONSE STRUCTURE AND ORGANIZATION - BERNSTEIN,DJ.
          • CONTEMPORARY PSYCHOLOGY
          • 28:
          • 795-797
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1983.
          • OPTIMA FOR ANIMALS - ALEXANDER,RM.
          • BIOSCIENCE
          • 33:
          • 522-522
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1982.
          • L'Animal-machine. Review of D. McFarland & A. Houston (Eds.), Quantitative ethology: The state space approach. London: Pitman Advanced Publishing, 1981.
          • Nature
          • 296:
          • 274-275
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1982.
          • ON THE DANGERS OF DEMAND CURVES - A COMMENT ON LEA AND TARPY.
          • BEHAVIOUR ANALYSIS LETTERS
          • 2:
          • 321-325
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1982.
          • IN THE BEGINNING WAS THE WORD.
          • BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES
          • 5:
          • 390-391
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1982.
          • BRAINSTORMS - PHILOSOPHICAL ESSAYS ON MIND AND PSYCHOLOGY - DENNETT,DC.
          • BEHAVIOUR ANALYSIS LETTERS
          • 2:
          • 123-125
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1981.
          • The science of the bottom line. Review of R. B. McKenzie & G. Tullock (Eds.), The new world of economics.
          • Behaviour Analysis Letters
          • 1:
          • 62-64
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1980.
          • Action and reaction.
          • Duke University Letters
          • 5:
          • 1-3
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1979.
          • Regulation and time allocation: A commentary on “conservation in behavior”.
          • Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
          • 108:
          • 35-40
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1979.
          • THIRST - A STATIC ANALYSIS.
          • BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES
          • 2:
          • 120-121
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1977.
          • On Herrnstein's equation and related forms.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 28:
          • 163-170
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1975.
          • NOTE ON EVOLUTIONARY SIGNIFICANCE OF SUPERNORMAL STIMULI.
          • AMERICAN NATURALIST
          • 109:
          • 541-545
          • .
          • J STADDON.
          • 1975.
          • AUTOCONTINGENCIES - SPECIAL CONTINGENCIES OR SPECIAL STIMULI - REVIEW OF DAVIS, MEMMOTT, AND HURWITZ.
          • JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-GENERAL
          • 104:
          • 189-191
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1974.
          • A note on behavioral contrast and frustration.
          • Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
          • 26:
          • 285-292
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1973.
          • On the notion of cause, with applications to behaviorism.
          • Behaviorism
          • 1:
          • 25-63
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1972.
          • Review of R. Borger & F. Cioffi (Eds.), Explanation in the behavioural sciences. Cambridge University Press, 1970.
          • American Journal of Psychology
          • 85:
          • 605-611
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1971.
          • Darwin explained: An object-lesson in theory construction. Review of M. T. Ghiselin (Ed.), The Triumph of the Darwinian Method.
          • Contemporary Psychology
          • 16:
          • 689-691
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1969.
          • Inhibition and the operant.
          • Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
          • 12:
          • 481-487
          • .
      • Edited Volumes

          • Wynne, C.D.L. & Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1998.
          • Models for Action: Mechanisms for Adaptive Behavior.
          • .
          • Commons, M. L., Grossberg, S. & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1991.
          • Neural networks of conditioning and action, the XIIth Harvard Symposium.
          • xx, 359
          • .
          • Honig, W. K., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1983.
          • Manual de la conducta operante.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1980.
          • Limits to action: The allocation of individual behavior.
          • .
          • Honig, W. K., & Staddon, J. E. R.
          • 1977.
          • Handbook of operant behavior.
          • .
      • Reprinted Articles

          • Staddon, J. E. R., & Simmelhag, V.
          • 1976.
          • The “superstition” experiment: A reexamination of its implications for the principles of adaptive behavior.
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1976.
          • Darwin explained: An object-lesson in theory construction. [Review of M. T. Ghiselin (Ed.), The Triumph of the Darwinian Method [Reprinted as Explanation and proof].
          • 358-361
          • .
          • Staddon, J.E.R.
          • 1970.
          • The effect of information feedback on temporal tracking in pigeons.
          • 256-267
          • .