Mark R. Leary

Mark R. Leary

Garonzik Family Distinguished Professor Emeritus

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., University of Florida 1980

  • M.A., University of Florida 1978

  • B.A., West Virginia Wesleyan College 1976


Mark Leary is Garonzik Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at Duke University.  He earned his bachelor’s degree in Psychology from West Virginia Wesleyan College and his Ph.D. in Social Psychology from the University of Florida.  He taught previously at Denison University, the University of Texas at Austin, and Wake Forest University.

Leary has published 14 books and more than 250 scholarly articles and chapters on topics dealing with social motivation, emotion, and self-relevant thought, including The Curse of the Self: Self-awareness, Egotism, and the Quality of Human Life.  He has also recorded two courses for the Teaching Company's Great Courses series: Understanding the Mysteries of Human Behavior and Why You Are Who You Are: Investigations to Human Personality.

Leary is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association, the Association for Psychological Science, and the Society for Personality and Social Psychology.  He received the Lifetime Career Award from the International Society for Self and Identity and was co-recipient of the Scientific Impact Award from the Society for Experimental Social Psychology.  He was founding editor of Self and Identity, editor of Personality and Social Psychology Review, and served as President of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology. 


Social motivation and emotion, self-reflection, self-relevant thought, self-compassion

Banker, Chloe C., and Mark R. Leary. “Hypo-Egoic Nonentitlement as a Feature of Humility.Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 46, no. 5, May 2020, pp. 738–53. Epmc, doi:10.1177/0146167219875144. Full Text

Jongman-Sereno, K. P., and M. R. Leary. “Self-judgments of authenticity.” Self and Identity, vol. 19, no. 1, Jan. 2020, pp. 32–63. Scopus, doi:10.1080/15298868.2018.1526109. Full Text

Leary, M. R. “The need to belong, the sociometer, and the pursuit of relational value: Unfinished business.” Self and Identity, Jan. 2020. Scopus, doi:10.1080/15298868.2020.1779120. Full Text

Leary, M. R. “Hypo-egoic identity, prejudice, and intergroup relations.” Tpm  Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology, vol. 26, no. 3, Sept. 2019, pp. 335–46. Scopus, doi:10.4473/TPM26.3.1. Full Text

Diebels, K. J., and M. R. Leary. “The psychological implications of believing that everything is one.” Journal of Positive Psychology, vol. 14, no. 4, July 2019, pp. 463–73. Scopus, doi:10.1080/17439760.2018.1484939. Full Text

Jongman-Sereno, K. P., and M. R. Leary. “The Enigma of Being Yourself: A Critical Examination of the Concept of Authenticity.” Review of General Psychology, vol. 23, no. 1, Mar. 2019, pp. 133–42. Scopus, doi:10.1037/gpr0000157. Full Text

Diebels, K. J., et al. “Individual differences in selfishness as a major dimension of personality: A reinterpretation of the sixth personality factor.” Review of General Psychology, vol. 22, no. 4, Dec. 2018, pp. 367–76. Scopus, doi:10.1037/gpr0000155. Full Text

Martin, J. L., et al. “A lasting sting: Examining the short-term and long-term effects of real-life group rejection.” Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, vol. 21, no. 8, Dec. 2018, pp. 1109–24. Scopus, doi:10.1177/1368430217695443. Full Text

Stutts, L. A., et al. “A longitudinal analysis of the relationship between self-compassion and the psychological effects of perceived stress.” Self and Identity, vol. 17, no. 6, Nov. 2018, pp. 609–26. Scopus, doi:10.1080/15298868.2017.1422537. Full Text

Parrish, M. H., et al. “Self-compassion and responses to negative social feedback: The role of fronto-amygdala circuit connectivity.” Self and Identity, vol. 17, no. 6, Nov. 2018, pp. 723–38. Scopus, doi:10.1080/15298868.2018.1490344. Full Text


Leary, M. R. “Self-awareness, hypo-egoicism, and psychological well-being.” Subjective Well-Being and Life Satisfaction, 2017, pp. 392–408. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9781351231879. Full Text

Leary, M. R., and M. C. Bolino. “An actor-perceiver model of impression management in organizations.” The Self at Work: Fundamental Theory and Research, 2017, pp. 253–72. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9781315626543. Full Text

Leary, M. R., and K. P. Jongman-Sereno. “Self-presentation: Signaling personal and social characteristics.” Social Signal Processing, 2017, pp. 69–77. Scopus, doi:10.1017/9781316676202.007. Full Text

Leary, M. R. “Motivational and emotional aspects of interpersonal rejection: Twenty-five years of theory and research.” Ostracism, Exclusion, and Rejection, 2016, pp. 46–60. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9781315308470. Full Text

Leary, M. R., et al. “Measures of Concerns with Public Image and Social Evaluation.” Measures of Personality and Social Psychological Constructs, 2015, pp. 448–73. Scopus, doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-386915-9.00016-4. Full Text

Leary, M. R., and K. P. Jongman-Sereno. “Social Anxiety as an Early Warning System: A Refinement and Extension of the Self-Presentation Theory of Social Anxiety.” Social Anxiety: Clinical, Developmental, and Social Perspectives: Third Edition, 2014, pp. 579–97. Scopus, doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-394427-6.00020-0. Full Text

Leary, M. R., et al. “The pursuit of status: A self-presentational perspective on the quest for social value.” The Psychology of Social Status, 2014, pp. 159–78. Scopus, doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-0867-7_8. Full Text

Leary, M. R. “Functions of the self in interpersonal relationships: What does the self actually do?The Self and Social Relationships, 2013, pp. 95–115. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780203783061. Full Text

Costanzo, P. R., et al. “Personality, Social Psychology, and Psychopathology: Reflections on a Lewinian Vision.” The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology, 2012. Scopus, doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195398991.013.0023. Full Text

Leary, M. R. “Sociometer theory.” Handbook of Theories of Social Psychology, 2012, pp. 141–59. Scopus, doi:10.4135/9781446249222.n33. Full Text


Hoyle, R. H., et al. Selfhood: Identity, esteem, regulation. 2019, pp. 1–193. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780429305818. Full Text

Leary, M. R. Self-presentation: Impression management and interpersonal behavior. 2019, pp. 1–246. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780429497384. Full Text

Leary, Mark R. The Oxford Handbook of Hypo-Egoic Phenomena. Oxford University Press, 2016.

Leary, Mark R. Introduction to Behavioral Research Methods. Pearson, 2016.

Leary, Mark R., and Rowland S. Miller. Social Psychology and Dysfunctional Behavior Origins, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Springer Science & Business Media, 2012.

Leary, M. R. Interpersonal Rejection. 2012, pp. 1–346. Scival, doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130157.001.0001. Full Text

Leary, M. R. The Curse of the Self: Self-Awareness, Egotism, and the Quality of Human Life. 2007, pp. 1–237. Scopus, doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172423.001.0001. Full Text

Leary, Mark R., and Robin M. Kowalski. Social Anxiety. Guilford Press, 1997.

Leary, M. R., and R. M. Kowalski. Manual for the Interaction Anxiousness Scale. 1987.