Rick Hoyle

Rick Hoyle

Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill 1988

  • M.A., University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill 1986

  • B.A., Appalachian State University 1983


Research in my lab concerns the means by which adolescents and emerging adults manage pursuit of their goals through self-regulation. We take a broad view of self-regulation, accounting for the separate and interactive influences of personality, environment (e.g., home, school, neighborhood), cognition and emotion, and social influences on the many facets of goal management. Although we occasionally study these influences in controlled laboratory experiments, our preference is to study the pursuit of longer-term, personally meaningful goals “in the wild.” Much of our work is longitudinal and involves repeated assessments focused on the pursuit of specific goals over time. Some studies span years and involve data collection once or twice per year. Others span weeks and involve intensive repeated assessments, sometimes several times per day. We use these rich data to model the means by which people manage real goals in the course of everyday life.

In conjunction with this work, we spend considerable time and effort on developing and refining means of measuring or observing the many factors at play in self-regulation. In addition to developing self-report measures of self-control and grit and measures of the processes we expect to wax and wane over time in the course of goal pursuit, we are working on unobtrusive approaches to tracking goal pursuit and progress through mobile phones and wearable devices.


Self-regulation, personality, adolescent problem behavior, research methods

George, Madeleine J., et al. “Young Adolescents' Digital Technology Use, Perceived Impairments, and Well-Being in a Representative Sample.J Pediatr, vol. 219, Apr. 2020, pp. 180–87. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2019.12.002. Full Text

Duckworth, Angela L., et al. “Cognitive and noncognitive predictors of success.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 116, no. 47, Nov. 2019, pp. 23499–504. Epmc, doi:10.1073/pnas.1910510116. Full Text

Berntsen, Dorthe, et al. “The Autobiographical Recollection Test (ART): A Measure of Individual Differences in Autobiographical Memory.Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, vol. 8, no. 3, Sept. 2019, pp. 305–18. Epmc, doi:10.1016/j.jarmac.2019.06.005. Full Text

George, Madeleine J., et al. “Evaluating the Use of Commercially Available Wearable Wristbands to Capture Adolescents' Daily Sleep Duration.Journal of Research on Adolescence : The Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence, vol. 29, no. 3, Sept. 2019, pp. 613–26. Epmc, doi:10.1111/jora.12467. Full Text

Rivenbark, Joshua G., et al. “Perceived social status and mental health among young adolescents: Evidence from census data to cellphones.Dev Psychol, vol. 55, no. 3, Mar. 2019, pp. 574–85. Pubmed, doi:10.1037/dev0000551. Full Text

Arco-Tirado, J. L., et al. “Grit as predictor of entrepreneurship and self-employment in Spain.” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 10, no. FEB, Jan. 2019. Scopus, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00389. Full Text

Rubin, David, et al. Psychological and clinical correlates of the Centrality of Event Scale: A systematic review. Elsevier BV, Nov. 2018. Dspace, doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2018.07.006. Full Text Open Access Copy

Bosworth, Hayden B., et al. “The role of psychological science in efforts to improve cardiovascular medication adherence.Am Psychol, vol. 73, no. 8, Nov. 2018, pp. 968–80. Pubmed, doi:10.1037/amp0000316. Full Text

Pechorro, P., et al. “The Brief Sensation-Seeking Scale: Latent Structure, Reliability, and Validity From a Sample of Youths At-Risk for Delinquency.” Journal of Forensic Psychology Research and Practice, vol. 18, no. 2, Mar. 2018, pp. 99–113. Scopus, doi:10.1080/24732850.2018.1435073. Full Text

Arco-Tirado, J. L., et al. “Development and validation of a Spanish version of the Grit-S Scale.” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 9, no. FEB, Feb. 2018. Scopus, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00096. Full Text Open Access Copy


Hoyle, R. H. “Idea poaching behind the veil of blind peer review.” Ethical Challenges in the Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2015, pp. 44–47. Scopus, doi:10.1007/9781139626491.016. Full Text

Costanzo, P. R., et al. “Personality, Social Psychology, and Psychopathology: Reflections on a Lewinian Vision.” The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology, 2012. Scopus, doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195398991.013.0023. Full Text

Carrig, M. M., and R. H. Hoyle. “Measurement choices: Reliability, validity, and generalizability.” Handbook of Ethics in Quantitative Methodology, 2011, pp. 127–57.

Hoyle, R. H., and J. C. Robinson. “Mediated and moderated effects in social psychological research: Measurement, design, and analysis issues.” The SAGE Handbook of Methods in Social Psychology, 2004, pp. 213–34. Scopus, doi:10.4135/9781412976190.n10. Full Text

Hoyle, R. H., et al. Selfhood: Identity, esteem, regulation. 2019, pp. 1–193. Scopus, doi:10.4324/9780429305818. Full Text


Selected Grants

Center for the Study of Adolescent Risk and Resilience awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2008 to 2024

Student Resilience awarded by Duke Endowment (Co-Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2016

Classification of substance use disorders in adolescents awarded by National Institutes of Health (Statistical Investigator). 2007 to 2016

A Model of Autobiographical Memory & Its Changes in PTSD awarded by National Institutes of Health (Senior Investigator). 2002 to 2016

Neurobehavioral and fMRI Research in HIV Infection and Cocaine Dependence awarded by National Institutes of Health (Advisor). 2010 to 2015

Classification of Substance Use Severity and Treatment Outcomes: NIDA CTN Studies awarded by National Institutes of Health (Statistical Investigator). 2009 to 2015

Hostility, PTSD and Physical Health Risk Factors awarded by National Institutes of Health (Statistical Investigator). 2009 to 2015

Fluctuations in Self-Control Capacity awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2013