Rick Hoyle

Rick Hoyle

Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience and Director of Undergraduate Studies

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 1988

  • M.A., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 1986

  • B.A., Appalachian State University 1983


Research in my lab concerns the means by which adolescents and emerging adults manage pursuit of their goals through self-regulation. We take a broad view of self-regulation, accounting for the separate and interactive influences of personality, environment (e.g., home, school, neighborhood), cognition and emotion, and social influences on the many facets of goal management. Although we occasionally study these influences in controlled laboratory experiments, our preference is to study the pursuit of longer-term, personally meaningful goals “in the wild.” Much of our work is longitudinal and involves repeated assessments focused on the pursuit of specific goals over time. Some studies span years and involve data collection once or twice per year. Others span weeks and involve intensive repeated assessments, sometimes several times per day. We use these rich data to model the means by which people manage real goals in the course of everyday life.

In conjunction with this work, we spend considerable time and effort on developing and refining means of measuring or observing the many factors at play in self-regulation. In addition to developing self-report measures of self-control and grit and measures of the processes we expect to wax and wane over time in the course of goal pursuit, we are working on unobtrusive approaches to tracking goal pursuit and progress through mobile phones and wearable devices.


Self-regulation, personality, adolescent problem behavior, research methods

Rivenbark, JG, Copeland, WE, Davisson, EK, Gassman-Pines, A, Hoyle, RH, Piontak, JR, Russell, MA, Skinner, AT, and Odgers, CL. "Perceived social status and mental health among young adolescents: Evidence from census data to cellphones." Developmental Psychology 55.3 (March 2019): 574-585. Full Text

Arco-Tirado, JL, Bojica, A, Fernández-Martín, F, and Hoyle, RH. "Grit as predictor of entrepreneurship and self-employment in Spain." Frontiers in Psychology 10.FEB (January 1, 2019). Full Text

Gehrt, TB, Berntsen, D, Hoyle, RH, and Rubin, DC. "Psychological and clinical correlates of the Centrality of Event Scale: A systematic review." Clinical Psychology Review 65 (November 2018): 57-80. (Review) Full Text

Bosworth, HB, Blalock, DV, Hoyle, RH, Czajkowski, SM, and Voils, CI. "The role of psychological science in efforts to improve cardiovascular medication adherence." The American Psychologist 73.8 (November 2018): 968-980. Full Text

Arco-Tirado, JL, Fernández-Martín, FD, and Hoyle, RH. "Development and validation of a Spanish version of the Grit-S Scale." Frontiers in Psychology 9.FEB (February 7, 2018). Full Text Open Access Copy

Duffy, KA, Helzer, EG, Hoyle, RH, Fukukura Helzer, J, and Chartrand, TL. "Pessimistic expectations and poorer experiences: The role of (low) extraversion in anticipated and experienced enjoyment of social interaction." Plos One 13.7 (January 2018): e0199146-null. Full Text

Piontak, JR, Russell, MA, Danese, A, Copeland, WE, Hoyle, RH, and Odgers, CL. "Violence exposure and adolescents' same-day obesogenic behaviors: New findings and a replication." Social Science & Medicine (1982) 189 (September 2017): 145-151. Full Text

Leary, MR, Diebels, KJ, Davisson, EK, Jongman-Sereno, KP, Isherwood, JC, Raimi, KT, Deffler, SA, and Hoyle, RH. "Cognitive and Interpersonal Features of Intellectual Humility." Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin 43.6 (June 2017): 793-813. Full Text

Deffler, SA, Leary, MR, and Hoyle, RH. "Knowing what you know: Intellectual humility and judgments of recognition memory." Personality and Individual Differences 96 (July 1, 2016): 255-259. Full Text Open Access Copy

Hoyle, RH, Davisson, EK, Diebels, KJ, and Leary, MR. "Holding specific views with humility: Conceptualization and measurement of specific intellectual humility." Personality and Individual Differences 97 (July 1, 2016): 165-172. Full Text


Hoyle, RH. "Idea poaching behind the veil of blind peer review." Ethical Challenges in the Behavioral and Brain Sciences. January 1, 2015. 44-47. Full Text

Costanzo, PR, Hoyle, RH, and Leary, MR. "Personality, Social Psychology, and Psychopathology: Reflections on a Lewinian Vision." The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology. September 18, 2012. Full Text

Carrig, MM, and Hoyle, RH. "Measurement choices: Reliability, validity, and generalizability." Handbook of ethics in quantitative methodology. Ed. AT Panter and SK Sterba. New York, NY: Routledge, 2011. 127-157. (Chapter)

Hoyle, RH, and Robinson, JC. "Mediated and moderated effects in social psychological research: Measurement, design, and analysis issues." The SAGE Handbook of Methods in Social Psychology. January 1, 2004. 213-234. Full Text


Selected Grants

Center for the Study of Adolescent Risk and Resilience awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2008 to 2019

Classification of substance use disorders in adolescents awarded by National Institutes of Health (Statistical Investigator). 2007 to 2016

A Model of Autobiographical Memory & Its Changes in PTSD awarded by National Institutes of Health (Senior Investigator). 2002 to 2016

Neurobehavioral and fMRI Research in HIV Infection and Cocaine Dependence awarded by National Institutes of Health (Advisor). 2010 to 2015

Classification of Substance Use Severity and Treatment Outcomes: NIDA CTN Studies awarded by National Institutes of Health (Statistical Investigator). 2009 to 2015

Hostility, PTSD and Physical Health Risk Factors awarded by National Institutes of Health (Statistical Investigator). 2009 to 2015

Fluctuations in Self-Control Capacity awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2013

Brain Imaging the Effects of High Sensation Value Anti-Drug PSAs awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2009 to 2013

Representation of Number in Infancy awarded by National Institutes of Health (Advisor). 2003 to 2012

Improving the Detection of Medication Nonadherence awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2010 to 2012