Rick Hoyle

Rick Hoyle

Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill 1988

  • M.A., University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill 1986

  • B.A., Appalachian State University 1983


Research in my lab concerns the means by which adolescents and emerging adults manage pursuit of their goals through self-regulation. We take a broad view of self-regulation, accounting for the separate and interactive influences of personality, environment (e.g., home, school, neighborhood), cognition and emotion, and social influences on the many facets of goal management. Although we occasionally study these influences in controlled laboratory experiments, our preference is to study the pursuit of longer-term, personally meaningful goals “in the wild.” Much of our work is longitudinal and involves repeated assessments focused on the pursuit of specific goals over time. Some studies span years and involve data collection once or twice per year. Others span weeks and involve intensive repeated assessments, sometimes several times per day. We use these rich data to model the means by which people manage real goals in the course of everyday life.

In conjunction with this work, we spend considerable time and effort on developing and refining means of measuring or observing the many factors at play in self-regulation. In addition to developing self-report measures of self-control and grit and measures of the processes we expect to wax and wane over time in the course of goal pursuit, we are working on unobtrusive approaches to tracking goal pursuit and progress through mobile phones and wearable devices.


Self-regulation, personality, adolescent problem behavior, research methods

Bosworth, Hayden B., et al. “The role of psychological science in efforts to improve cardiovascular medication adherence.Am Psychol, vol. 73, no. 8, Nov. 2018, pp. 968–80. Pubmed, doi:10.1037/amp0000316. Full Text

Pechorro, P., et al. “The Brief Sensation-Seeking Scale: Latent Structure, Reliability, and Validity From a Sample of Youths At-Risk for Delinquency.” Journal of Forensic Psychology Research and Practice, vol. 18, no. 2, Mar. 2018, pp. 99–113. Scopus, doi:10.1080/24732850.2018.1435073. Full Text

Arco-Tirado, J. L., et al. “Development and validation of a Spanish version of the Grit-S Scale.” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 9, no. FEB, Feb. 2018. Scopus, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00096. Full Text Open Access Copy

Duffy, Korrina A., et al. “Pessimistic expectations and poorer experiences: The role of (low) extraversion in anticipated and experienced enjoyment of social interaction.Plos One, vol. 13, no. 7, Jan. 2018, p. e0199146. Epmc, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0199146. Full Text

Piontak, Joy Rayanne, et al. “Violence exposure and adolescents' same-day obesogenic behaviors: New findings and a replication.Soc Sci Med, vol. 189, Sept. 2017, pp. 145–51. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.07.004. Full Text

Leary, Mark R., et al. “Cognitive and Interpersonal Features of Intellectual Humility.Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 43, no. 6, June 2017, pp. 793–813. Epmc, doi:10.1177/0146167217697695. Full Text

Deffler, S. A., et al. “Knowing what you know: Intellectual humility and judgments of recognition memory.” Personality and Individual Differences, vol. 96, July 2016, pp. 255–59. Scopus, doi:10.1016/j.paid.2016.03.016. Full Text Open Access Copy

Hoyle, R. H., et al. “Holding specific views with humility: Conceptualization and measurement of specific intellectual humility.” Personality and Individual Differences, vol. 97, July 2016, pp. 165–72. Scopus, doi:10.1016/j.paid.2016.03.043. Full Text

Pek, J., and R. H. Hoyle. “On the (In)Validity of Tests of Simple Mediation: Threats and Solutions.” Social and Personality Psychology Compass, vol. 10, no. 3, Mar. 2016, pp. 150–63. Scopus, doi:10.1111/spc3.12237. Full Text Open Access Copy

Hoyle, Rick H., and Nisha C. Gottfredson. “Sample Size Considerations in Prevention Research Applications of Multilevel Modeling and Structural Equation Modeling.Prevention Science : The Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research, vol. 16, no. 7, Oct. 2015, pp. 987–96. Epmc, doi:10.1007/s11121-014-0489-8. Full Text


Selected Grants

Brain Imaging the Effects of High Sensation Value Anti-Drug PSAs awarded by National Institutes of Health (Principal Investigator). 2009 to 2013

Representation of Number in Infancy awarded by National Institutes of Health (Advisor). 2003 to 2012

Improving the Detection of Medication Nonadherence awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2010 to 2012

Project AIM: Preventing Illicit Substance Use Among Middle School Children awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2008 to 2010

Non-medical Use of ADHD Medication by College Students awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co-Principal Investigator). 2005 to 2009