Rick Hoyle

Rick Hoyle

Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill 1988

  • M.A., University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill 1986

  • B.A., Appalachian State University 1983


Research in my lab concerns the means by which adolescents and emerging adults manage pursuit of their goals through self-regulation. We take a broad view of self-regulation, accounting for the separate and interactive influences of personality, environment (e.g., home, school, neighborhood), cognition and emotion, and social influences on the many facets of goal management. Although we occasionally study these influences in controlled laboratory experiments, our preference is to study the pursuit of longer-term, personally meaningful goals “in the wild.” Much of our work is longitudinal and involves repeated assessments focused on the pursuit of specific goals over time. Some studies span years and involve data collection once or twice per year. Others span weeks and involve intensive repeated assessments, sometimes several times per day. We use these rich data to model the means by which people manage real goals in the course of everyday life.

In conjunction with this work, we spend considerable time and effort on developing and refining means of measuring or observing the many factors at play in self-regulation. In addition to developing self-report measures of self-control and grit and measures of the processes we expect to wax and wane over time in the course of goal pursuit, we are working on unobtrusive approaches to tracking goal pursuit and progress through mobile phones and wearable devices.


Self-regulation, personality, adolescent problem behavior, research methods

Donohew, R. L., et al. “Sensation seeking and drug use by adolescents and their friends: models for marijuana and alcohol.Journal of Studies on Alcohol, vol. 60, no. 5, Sept. 1999, pp. 622–31. Epmc, doi:10.15288/jsa.1999.60.622. Full Text

Stephenson, M. T., et al. “Short-term effects of an anti-marijuana media campaign targeting high sensation seeking adolescents.” Journal of Applied Communication Research, vol. 27, no. 3, Jan. 1999, pp. 175–95. Scopus, doi:10.1080/00909889909365535. Full Text

Smith, R. H., et al. “Dispositional envy.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 25, no. 8, Jan. 1999, pp. 1007–20. Scopus, doi:10.1177/01461672992511008. Full Text

Hoyle, R. H. “A design-sensitive adjustment to the parsimony ratio for evaluating omnibus fit of structural equation models.” Journal of Experimental Education, vol. 66, no. 3, Jan. 1998, pp. 256–60. Scopus, doi:10.1080/00220979809604409. Full Text

Hoyle, R. H., and S. S. Leff. “The role of parental involvement in youth sport participation and performance.Adolescence, vol. 32, no. 125, Jan. 1997, pp. 233–43.

Tepper, K., and R. H. Hoyle. “Latent variable models of need for uniqueness.” Multivariate Behavioral Research, vol. 31, no. 4, Nov. 1996, pp. 467–94. Scopus, doi:10.1207/s15327906mbr3104_4. Full Text

Leff, S. S., and R. H. Hoyle. “Young athletes' perceptions of parental support and pressure.” Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 24, no. 2, Apr. 1995, pp. 187–203. Scopus, doi:10.1007/BF01537149. Full Text

Hoyle, R. H. “Introduction to the special section: structural equation modeling in clinical research.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 62, no. 3, June 1994, pp. 427–28. Epmc, doi:10.1037//0022-006x.62.3.427. Full Text

Hoyle, R. H., and G. T. Smith. “Formulating clinical research hypotheses as structural equation models: a conceptual overview.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 62, no. 3, June 1994, pp. 429–40. Epmc, doi:10.1037//0022-006x.62.3.429. Full Text

Hoyle, R. H., and A. M. Crawford. “Use of Individual-Level data to investigate group phenomena issues and strategies.” Small Group Research, vol. 25, no. 4, Jan. 1994, pp. 464–85. Scopus, doi:10.1177/1046496494254003. Full Text