Sarah Elizabeth Gaither
Assistant Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience
Education & Training
Ph.D., Tufts University 2014
M.S., Tufts University 2009
B.A., University of California at Berkeley 2007
Humans are fundamentally social beings, and their interactions represent a core aspect of human nature. My research focuses on how individuals’ social identities and experiences across the lifespan motivate their social perceptions and behaviors particularly in diverse settings.
More specifically I am interested in three main questions:
1) how intergroup contact shapes interracial interaction outcomes for both racial majority and racial minority individuals
2) how having multiple racial or social identities more broadly affects various types of behavior including complex thinking, social behavior, and identity malleability
3) what contexts in particular may influence how people perceive or socially categorize each other across group boundaries
Therefore, the overall goal of my research program is to investigate the attitudinal and behavioral effects stemming from exposure to racial and gender diversity as a means to pinpoint pathways that one can utilize to foster more positive group relations for both adult and child populations. By exploring the developmental origins of social identity and intergroup perceptions we can pinpoint some of the antecedents that predict adult behavior in diverse settings.
biracial and social identities, interracial interactions, racial categorizations, social development
Chen, J. M., et al. “Black + White = Not White: A minority bias in categorizations of Black-White multiracials.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, vol. 78, Sept. 2018, pp. 43–54. Scopus, doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2018.05.002. Full Text
Albuja, Analia F., et al. “Identity Denied: Comparing American or White Identity Denial and Psychological Health Outcomes Among Bicultural and Biracial People..” Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, Aug. 2018. Epmc, doi:10.1177/0146167218788553. Full Text
Gaither, S. E. “The multiplicity of belonging: Pushing identity research beyond binary thinking.” Self and Identity, vol. 17, no. 4, July 2018, pp. 443–54. Scopus, doi:10.1080/15298868.2017.1412343. Full Text
Albuja, A. F., et al. “Fluid racial presentation: Perceptions of contextual “passing” among biracial people.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, vol. 77, July 2018, pp. 132–42. Scopus, doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2018.04.010. Full Text
Pauker, K., et al. “A review of multiracial malleability: Identity, categorization, and shifting racial attitudes.” Social and Personality Psychology Compass, vol. 12, no. 6, June 2018. Scopus, doi:10.1111/spc3.12392. Full Text
Gaither, S. E., et al. “Mere Membership in Racially Diverse Groups Reduces Conformity.” Social Psychological and Personality Science, vol. 9, no. 4, May 2018, pp. 402–10. Scopus, doi:10.1177/1948550617708013. Full Text
Babbitt, L. G., et al. “The role of gender in racial meta-stereotypes and stereotypes.” Social Cognition, vol. 36, no. 5, Jan. 2018, pp. 589–601.
Dukes, K. N., and S. E. Gaither. “Black Racial Stereotypes and Victim Blaming: Implications for Media Coverage and Criminal Proceedings in Cases of Police Violence against Racial and Ethnic Minorities.” Journal of Social Issues, vol. 73, no. 4, Dec. 2017, pp. 789–807. Scopus, doi:10.1111/josi.12248. Full Text
Gaither, S. E., et al. “Examining the effects of I-sharing for future white-black interactions.” Social Psychology, vol. 47, no. 3, May 2016, pp. 125–35. Scopus, doi:10.1027/1864-9335/a000264. Full Text