A review and critical analysis of the literature, theory, and empirical study of autobiographical memory within cognitive psychology and neuroscience. Levels of analysis from the cultural, individual, neural systems, and neurobiological are integrated. Topics include accuracy, functions including planning for future actions, and effects of neural damage. Emphasis on the reasoning, research designs, and methods used in examining autobiographical memory. Research projects use primary and secondary materials, empirical observations, or reanalysis of existing data.